The most important information AT A GLANCE

Frequently visited towns:

Possibilities and opportunities

Engineers, skilled workers and IT specialists have good opportunities in the French labor market. There are good opportunities for hotel specialists, cooks and sales staff. As in other European countries, doctors and health professionals are in demand. In regions such as Alsace, Île de France or Brittany, there are good offers, unemployment rates are rather low in these areas. An excellent overview of the individual regions is provided by the EURES portal of the European Commission. Through various other offers on the net, interested people can also search for a job comfortably from Germany. It is important to write your application in French and to send individual cover letters. If you are not sure about this, you should seek support when writing your application.

Job opportunities

There are many job opportunities for Germans in France. The French Embassy offers an insight into the search for work and internships in France. Here are links to relevant sites for those interested. In Paris there are mainly job offers in the service sector. In addition, many large companies have their headquarters here. Lyon specializes mainly in technologies, while Bordeaux is considered a center for aeronautics and aerospace. There are also wood and paper industries in this region. If you work in the field of research, Grenoble is the right place to be.
Here you can find scientific companies as well as software companies. In Lille, workers find jobs in services and industry, while the port city of Marseille focuses on shipping, trade and logistics. Strasbourg offers jobs in pharmaceuticals, while the Toulouse region is a research center in high tech and aerospace.

Depending on the region, there are a variety of job opportunities in France. According to the Federal Employment Agency, workers are particularly sought after in the following industries:

  • Mechanical and plant engineering
  • chemical industry-electrical engineering
  • construction industry
  • IT
  • Recycling and waste management
  • Food industry

In addition, there is demand for

  • Doctors
  • Advertising professionals
  • office workers
  • employees in sales
  • Hotel and restaurant professionals
  • Cooks

According to the employment agency, it is mainly international groups that hire foreigners. The experts at the Employment Agency also point out that German employees who want to work in France should definitely have a command of the language. Before moving, employees who take up a job in France should take part in an intensive language course.

Tips and general checklist

The first place to look for a job is the French national employment office. It is possible to view vacancies clearly arranged by region. There are also helpful tips for job searches and applications. Find job opportunities on a very good offer of vacancies. There are further opportunities on the Internet sites

Once the job is found, the search for an apartment is on the agenda. Renting an apartment in France is quite complicated. The apartments are not offered directly by the landlord, the transaction is usually done through a real estate agent. Tenants must have a French bank account when renting an apartment. In addition, an employment contract with a French employer must be presented. The monthly income must be evident from it. As a rule of thumb, income should be equivalent to three to four times a month’s rent. As a rule, landlords require a guarantor. This is often a problem for new citizens, because the guarantor must be resident in France and have paid taxes there in the previous year. Some real estate agents have further requirements for the guarantor. But not everyone can show a corresponding income or a guarantor. For this there are special insurances for tenants in France. This eliminates the need to provide a high salary or a guarantor.


EU citizens do not need a work permit for France. A residence permit is also not required. Nevertheless, it is advisable to apply for the carte de sejour, which ensures access to state support, if you plan to stay for a longer period of time. The whole process is very bureaucratic and the permit can take several months to be issued.
must be presented as a rule:

  • the original passport or identity card
  • the birth certificate
  • a proof of residence, e.g. Rental contract
  • Proof of financial means to finance the stay
  • Proof of health insurance
  • Passport photos

Those who apply for a residence permit will first receive a certificate of registration of the application. After applying for the residence permit, there is another official procedure on the list. With the assurance maladie, the health insurance, employees receive a social security number. Here, in addition to proof of identity, further documents must also be submitted. Often a translation into the French language is expected, here emigrants should inform themselves in advance exactly. There is no obligation to register your residence with the relevant authorities in France. For some jobs, diplomas and degrees must be recognized in France. Even though EU citizens have the right to practice their profession in other EU member states, they should find out in advance whether their training needs to be recognized. This can be the case with doctors, nurses or pharmacists. Information is usually available from the Chamber of Commerce and Industry or the Federal Medical Association. Who wants to take his car to France, can import the private car duty-free. After six months at the latest, the car must be registered in France. In addition to the vehicle registration certificate and the vehicle title, the purchase contract, the identity card and a certificate of payment of the value added tax, usually the invoice, must also be presented. At this point, car owners need a French insurance policy. There is no tax on motor vehicles in France as in Germany. For this, tolls of a not inconsiderable amount are incurred when driving on the freeways.

General information about France

With more than 67.3 million inhabitants, France is one of the most populous countries in the European Union. With an area of about 544.000 km² it is also the largest EU country. France is divided into 27 regions and 96 departments, plus the overseas departments of Martinique, Guadeloupe, La Reunion, French Guyana, Mayotte and Saint-Pierre-et-Miquelon. Center of the country is Paris with the surrounding Île de France, more than twelve million people live in this region. Other metropolitan areas are located around the major cities of Marseille, Lille and Lyon. French culture is characterized by numerous immigrants from different nations. Many of the immigrants come from the former colonies of France. France is a very popular vacation destination, especially Paris, the Mediterranean region as well as the Atlantic coast are popular tourist hotspots. The French landscape is very diverse. The north and west are characterized by rolling hills, while the southeast is dominated by the Western Alps. With the Mont Blanc there is the highest European peak here. In the south, France is bordered by the Pyrenees, and there are also the Massif Central, the Vosges and the Jura mountains. Well-known rivers such as the Seine, the Loire and the Rhone flow through the country. The south convinces with the Mediterranean coast, where especially the places Nice and Cannes are considered very popular and fashionable. The Atlantic coast in the west of the country promises long and pristine sandy beaches, as well as some rugged coastlines, especially in the north, Normandy and Brittany.

The history of the country goes back to the year 888, when the Carolingian Franconian Empire was divided. After the period of absolutism under the Sun King Louis XIV. the French Revolution in 1789 ushered in a new era for all of Europe. Today, the country is governed by a bicameral parliamentary presidential democracy.