38 percent of the children have a migration background
38 percent of children under the age of six currently have a migration background. That means a parent was born without a German passport. The number of Germans of origin is falling rapidly.
In Germany, 38 percent of children under the age of six have a migration background.
In Germany there are still more deaths than births. Nevertheless, the population in this country is growing. Because the strong migration makes up for the minus. Around 23 percent of the 82 million people living in Germany now have a migration background.
An analysis of the microcensus for 2016 by the Federal Statistical Office shows that population change will intensify in the coming years. Accordingly, only one in ten people over the age of 65 have a migration background. In contrast, it is 38 percent of children under the age of six.
In West Germany (including Berlin), 42 percent of children under the age of six have at least one parent who was born without a German passport, reports WELT. In Bremen, 53 percent of those under the age of six and 31 percent of the total population have a migration background.
In Hessen, too, 50 percent of children under the age of six and 30 percent of all residents have a migration background. According to a study, the proportion of the population with a migrant background in Frankfurt am Main is already 51 percent, among children under 15 it is even 69 percent.
The proportion of migrants is increasing so rapidly nationwide, and not just because of the high levels of immigration. In addition, there is an approximately equally declining population without a migration background. This is shown by the relatively constant population size despite decades of immigration.
Fewer and fewer people without a migration background
In 2011, 65.4 million people without a migration background still lived in the country, compared to 64.3 million in 2015. And last year, according to the microcensus, this number of Germans of origin fell to 63.8 million. That’s a drop of half a million people in just one year.
In addition, a migration background only means that at least one of their parents was born without German citizenship. That is why the grandchildren of naturalized guest workers from Turkey are now considered to be Germans of origin. Because with them both parents were born with German citizenship.
More than half of the 18.6 million people with a migration background are German citizens. More than two thirds immigrated to Germany themselves. In the language of the microcensus, these 12.7 million people are "the population with their own migration experience".
The 18.6 million people with a migration background or their parents are among others
- 4 million people from the Eastern European countries that joined the EU in 2004,
- 3.2 million late repatriates,
- 2.8 million people from Turkey,
- 2.6 million people from other EU countries,
- 2 million people from other European countries,
- 1.3 million people from the Middle East (excluding Kazakhstan) and
- 744,000 people from Africa.
Asylum seekers are becoming more relevant to population development
However, the Federal Office’s statisticians only extrapolated these figures based on the microcensus. This sample survey surveys around one percent of the population in Germany every year. However, because of the disorderly mass immigration in 2015 and 2016, not all asylum seekers are covered.
Because the vast majority of the reception facilities were not residential buildings. Therefore, the people living there were not asked for the microcensus. The extrapolation of the microcensus "can only refer to people living in private households".
Asylum seekers used to be less relevant to population development. But with the strong irregular immigration in recent years, that has changed. From a purely legal point of view, refugees are only allowed to stay in Germany for a limited period of time, and rejected applicants are actually not allowed to do so. In the end, however, they usually remain permanent.
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