Become an emergency medic – training as an emergency medic


Paramedic / in

When the emergency services ambulance, which costs 160,000 euros, travels the streets at speeds of over 100 kilometers an hour, the paramedics are on the job: They work precisely in the 7 square meter treatment room on four wheels and treat patients – regardless of whether it is is a circulatory breakdown, or a heart attack. Every minute counts for your work, because it is in Germany legally stipulated that each site must be reached within a maximum of twelve minutes.

Info Box

The paramedic profession replaced the paramedic in 2014 and is now the highest non-medical qualification in the ambulance service. Paramedics must continue to qualify by 2021.

What does an emergency medic do??

Accepting missions: As soon as an assignment has been received by the rescue control center or the rescue station, the paramedics drive the ambulance to the scene. If the missions involve accidents or acute emergency situations, the Martinshorn and flashing lights are deployed in order to be better perceived by other road users and to get to the emergency location as quickly as possible.

Provide primary medical care: Arrived at the scene of the emergency, paramedics provide first aid and assess the acute state of health of the patient: Is the condition life-threatening? Do you need to call an emergency doctor or other emergency services with special equipment? If it is necessary for an emergency doctor to come to the emergency room, the paramedics take care of the person until arrival. Depending on the situation, they ventilate patients, stop bleeding and administer medication.

Collect informations: For the right care, it is extremely important to know what the patient is missing. To this end, the emergency paramedics ask the patients or those present what has happened. What is the person complaining about? What pain does he or she feel? It is not only medical knowledge that counts, but above all relationships: The paramedics can often deduce from the context where, for example, a certain pain comes from.

Carry out patient transports: One of the most important questions that arises at the emergency location is whether the person is fit for transport. If, for example, the condition is so critical that the patient cannot be taken to the nearest hospital without risk, it must first be stabilized and made fit for transport. As soon as this is the case, the paramedics use stretchers to place the patient in the vehicle. During the journey, they monitor the vital signs – i.e. breathing and circulation -, document them electronically and transmit them directly to the hospital staff so that they can prepare for their arrival. In the case of an emergency operation, for example, the operating room can already be prepared.

Disinfect vehicle and equipment: In order to ensure the strict hygienic regulations and thus the health of the people, everything has to be cleaned thoroughly after each journey by ambulance: with the help of disinfectants and steam cleaners, emergency medical personnel clean the transport vehicle from top to bottom.

Take over the telephone service at the rescue control center: As an emergency medic, you not only perform activities in the emergency vehicle, but are also assigned to the telephone service. Then you receive emergency calls in the rescue control center or rescue station and inform – also called dispatched – the emergency services so that they drive to the emergency location.

Info Box

Rescue workers distinguish between two types of operations: primary missions and Secondary missions. A primary mission is about emergency rescue, i.e. the acute care of people at the emergency location, for example in the event of an accident. A secondary mission is understood to mean the transportation of people by ambulance.

Your tasks at a glance

– Hand over patients and documents to hospital staff

– Check vehicles and arrange for any repair work

– Top up medication and medical accessories

Why should you become an EMT??

There will always be a need for healthcare professionals to provide first aid in emergencies. So as an emergency medic you have excellent future prospects. What is also crucial: the job profile means the highest non-medical qualification in the emergency medical service. In addition, there are a number of further training opportunities available that bring the prospect of better earnings.

Did you already know, that …

… is the abbreviation for the emergency medic Not San?

Where can I work as an emergency medic??

Emergency paramedics work for emergency services, ambulance services and the fire brigade. After the German Red Cross, fire services are the second largest provider in this field. In Germany there are also various aid organizations and also private rescue service companies that deal with the so-called ground-based rescue service or specialize in special areas such as air, mountain, cave or water rescue. The cooperation between the various services is coordinated in the federal states and districts.

Your locations at a glance

How are the working hours as emergency paramedics?

Emergency paramedics are on duty around the clock, which means that they are in the shift work work weekdays and weekends. They also have on-call duty, during which they wait for their operations in rescue guards and control centers.

working hours

– Weekdays, weekends

What work clothes do paramedics wear?

In this profession, wearing work clothes is extremely important: the uniforms of the rescue workers are deliberately in signal colors held so that they are recognized and noticed by other people. In addition to robust trousers and jackets, sturdy shoes such as boots are also part of the work clothes.

Devices that you encounter in everyday work

What kind of guy do I have to be to be an EMT?

Athlete: Since the profession of Not Sans can be exhausting, you need to have good physical fitness – whether you are going to move sick people up several floors with a stretcher or to reanimate a person, i.e. to revive them.

Team Player: In the car, you not only work closely with your colleagues from the rescue station, but also assist the emergency doctors. Team spirit is therefore a prerequisite for this activity.

Helper: You literally have no fear of contact, being in close contact with other people and looking after the injured or sick. Your sensitivity even helps you assess situations and calm others down.

Did you already know, that.

  • the profession of emergency medic has replaced the paramedic since January 1, 2014?
  • the Martinshorn is actually called the Folgetonhorn in technical jargon? Martinshorn refers to the company "Deutsche Signal-Instrumenten-Fabrik Max B. Martin", which for a while exclusively produced follow-up horns.
  • a rescue helicopter can arrive at almost any location in Germany within 15 minutes?
  • An average of 1 minute passes between the receipt of an emergency call and the alerting of the emergency services in the emergency services?
  • the abbreviation for the emergency medic NotSan?

How does the training as an emergency medic work??

The training as an emergency medic is a three-year school education, which is provided throughout Germany by the Emergency medical law is regulated. In contrast to other school-based occupations, it is not only found in special ones Vocational schools instead, it also includes the practical training – roughly comparable to internships – in the emergency services and in different departments of the hospital.

In fact, the trainees spend more than half of their training in practical service. The training begins with weeks-long theoretical learning units at school before the trainees support the rescue workers at a teaching rescue station.

Did you already know, that …

… the emergency call is alarmed 30,000 times a day in Germany?

What does an emergency medic learn at the vocational school??

In special vocational schools, the paramedics learn the basics for their future work, which are divided into ten learning areas. The medical knowledge, which includes the placement of venous cannulas, is first performed on exercise prostheses so that they do not injure people. Group work and simulations are high on the curriculum in the vocational schools.

1st year of training:

Recognize and assess life-threatening conditions and carry out simple life-supporting measures

The basic knowledge of the trainees includes assessing the emergency situations: How is the patient doing? What can be done to improve the condition? What measures must be taken to stabilize the patient??

Establish and maintain the operational readiness of various life-saving appliances

To ensure that operations run smoothly, learn the Trainees, what they have to consider when preparing and following up: Have all the necessary medicines been filled up in the ambulance? What condition is the car in? They check the condition of the devices and replace them if necessary.

2nd year of training:

Assist in emergency operations and carry out advanced emergency medical measures

In teamwork, the trainees analyze the patient’s condition and assess which steps are taken. In class, the so-called ABCDE scheme is discussed, which illustrates the process of emergency aid: respiratory tract (Airway) control, breathing ( Breathing) watch circulation (C irculation) check, neurological deficits (Disability) and other factors (exposure) analyze. They also carry out the instructions of the emergency physicians or practice instructors.

Support and advise patients, relatives, colleagues and third parties

Communication is a crucial factor in the work of emergency paramedics: for this reason, the trainees at the vocational school practice how to speak properly to patients and relatives in order to calm them down and to inform them about medical procedures.

3rd year of training:

Work independently in complex inter-service situations

In the third year of training, the trainees are prepared for any exceptional service situations Experienced, how they have to behave when, for example, a disaster occurs. In such special cases, different emergency services and authorities then work together and need to be coordinated, which is why the aspiring paramedics learn what roles they play accordingly.

What does an emergency medic learn in practice??

Since the paramedic is an extremely practice-oriented profession, the practical part of the training is, in short, about one thing: putting the subject areas from the vocational school into practice. In the ambulance service or in various departments of the hospital, the budding emergency paramedics are deployed and assist at the rescue station or an ambulance service and are involved in emergency rescue operations.


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Christina Cherry
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