Chewing gums for dental care
In advertising, dental care gums promise a lot, but what can they actually do? An overview.
When Ökotest last performed a comparison of dental care gums, 35 different products from more than 20 manufacturers were examined. These figures already give a first indication of what market potential there seems to be in the meantime. But advertising promises sound too good: healthier teeth, less plaque, reduced caries risk, whiter teeth, and the list could probably continue. But what’s really up to the Zahnpflegekaugummis? Where can they really bring dental health benefits and what can they not do? And what makes them different from a “normal” chewing gum? We examined the matter and an overview follows.
Difference to normal chewing gum
While regular chewing gum usually contains sugar, dental chewing gums are invariably sugar-free. Here, the sugar is usually replaced by the substance xylitol, which tastes similar, but does not cause tooth decay. Other ingredients are specifically designed for dental care and rarely found in regular chewing gum. For example, dentifrice gums often contain vitamins, minerals, and fluoride. These substances should help to remineralize the teeth and make the tooth enamel more resistant. In terms of dental health, the specially formulated chewing gum may actually be better than traditional chewing gum, but it may also be beneficial. Because what both products have in common is the stimulation of the salivation, which in turn has a positive effect on the oral flora.
Effect and limits
To put it plainly at the beginning: Dental care caoutchouc can not replace the normal oral hygiene with toothbrush and flossing under any circumstances. It can only be a complementary measure, but it can be effective. For dentifrice chewing gum, this is essentially in the following three areas:
- Stimulate salivation: All types of chewing gum strongly stimulate the flow of saliva in the mouth. According to medical studies even up to ten times as much saliva is produced when a chewing gum is eaten. The saliva is actually essential for the health of the teeth, because the enzymes and minerals contained in it ensure the preservation of the teeth. The remineralising effect of saliva is even enhanced by the minerals and fluorides contained in special dental care caoutchouc.
- Neutralize acid: After eating, there are sugar components in the mouth that feed the local plaque bacteria. These eventually produce lactic acid, which can firstly cause bad breath and secondly also weakens the enamel. Dental care gums, along with the slightly alkaline saliva, can then neutralize these acids. If you chew chewing gum for at least 10 to 15 minutes directly after eating, this will help to protect the enamel and thus prevent tooth decay. [Study]
- Mechanical cleaning: While using an electric toothbrush removes up to 90 percent of dental plaque, chewing gum can make only a fraction of it. Above all, only the chewing surfaces are reached here, but all other places are hardly ever. This also explains that special “white teeth” chewing gum can have virtually no effect.
Conclusion – good addition
Chewing gum is therefore not absolutely necessary for a good dental care, nor can they replace the traditional dental care products. Nevertheless, they are not completely useless, because for complementary care, for example after the meal in the restaurant, dental care gums are absolutely perfect. They can help reduce the risk of tooth decay, strengthen tooth enamel and eliminate or prevent halitosis.
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