Healthy children’s teeth
0 – 2 years: milk teeth
A baby has 20 teeth before birth, which are still hidden in the jaw. The first tooth appears around the sixth month of life. When the child is three years old, there are usually all 20 teeth.
6 to 8 years: changing teeth
The first wobbly tooth is an unmistakable signal: the milk teeth are displaced by the permanent teeth.
The breakthrough of the first large molars is usually unremarkable because they grow behind the row of milk teeth and do not have to throw out a predecessor. If all molars are broken, a visit to the dentist is recommended: he can Dimples (fissures) seal in the occlusal surfaces with a thin plastic layer – it protects against caries. The fissure sealing can take advantage of statutory insured patients between the ages of 6 and 17 free of charge.
8 to 12 years
Usually the permanent dentition is complete at the age of twelve and a half years – apart from the wisdom teeth.
Tooth rescue for knocked out teeth
Up to the age of 17, more than 50 percent of all adolescents suffer an accident with an injury to their teeth (tooth trauma). Young people today lose far more teeth from an accident than from tooth decay. That shouldn’t be the case: the dentist can re-use broken teeth – if they are stored correctly. Doctors have developed a liquid in which a tooth in at least 24 hours in a so-called tooth box can survive. The special liquid contains everything that teeth and especially the sensitive root cells need to survive.
"A tooth hangs on the jaw like a bungee jumper on the rope," explains Professor Dr. Christian Splieth, dentist at the University of Greifswald. Special cells on the root produce a kind of cement, which forms the attachment for the “bungee cord” on the tooth. Other cells make this rope, the connection to the bone. Without a special storage medium, the cells have little chance. "It is very bad to wrap the tooth in a handkerchief," warns Professor Filippi, oral surgeon at the University of Basel. "Then the cells at the root are immediately dead." Keeping the tooth in your mouth until you see a doctor doesn’t help much either. Bacteria attack the root surface there. This does not happen in UHT milk – but even here a tooth can survive for a maximum of two hours.
The Bavarian State Working Group for Dental Health (LAGZ) explains how to behave correctly in an emergency and how to handle the tooth rescue box correctly at www.lagz.de (LAGZ for schools / first aid for teeth).
Children’s dental care video
A tooth-healthy life begins in infancy. A video by the National Association of Statutory Health Insurance Dentists (KZBV) shows how you can protect your child’s teeth from caries right from the start. You can also find out here what your dentist has to offer in terms of examinations and preventive measures so that the children’s teeth stay healthy.
continue to the video of the KZBV
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