Children’s time machine – platon and his unusual ideas

Children's time machine - platon and his unusual ideas

Plato and his unusual ideas

Who was plato? And what is the cave parable?

The philosopher Plato from Athens (427 – 347 BC) was one of the most important, if not the most important philosopher at all. There were philosophers before him and of course also after him, but no other person has created such a comprehensive philosophical work before him. Together with his student Aristotle, he is considered one of the two greatest philosophers of antiquity and one of the greatest philosophers of all time.

Plato taught at his own school

Plato was the student of Socrates and, unlike his teacher, wrote a lot. Many of the writings of Plato have survived. He packed his philosophy into dialogues, that is, into conversations. He taught at his own school, the name "academy" wore. A term that you probably know and that we still use today.

The most important thing was his theory of ideas

The most important part of Plato’s philosophy is the so-called theory of ideas. What can you imagine? Plato divided the world into two parts. For him that was one "world of sense", that’s what he called it. We only learn about them if we use all of our five senses, ie eyes, nose, ears, mouth and hands. Everything flows for Plato in this sensory world and nothing lasts. The senses can also deceive and everyone sees, tastes, feels or hears something different.

What does philosophy have to do with baking muffins??

For Plato, however, besides this sensory world, from which we cannot learn anything that is generally valid, there was a pure world of ideas. Imagine baking muffins for your class on children’s birthday parties. They should all look the same as possible so that there is no argument. It’s best to use a muffin tin for this. The result is 24 identical muffins. Well, maybe not exactly the same, one is a bit thicker or larger than the other. But if you close your eyes now and just imagine a muffin, you know exactly how it should look. Whether blueberry or chocolate, the shape always remains the same. Then that is the "Idea of ​​a muffin". The idea that is behind everything and that will be there, even if no one bakes muffins because they are out of fashion or for whatever reason.

allegory of the cave

The famous cave allegory also comes from Plato

Plato believed in a world of its own that was behind the "world of sense" exist. In this world there are pictures of everything that we encounter in nature. The world of ideas cannot be recognized with the senses, but there are forms that cannot be changed. And that’s Plato’s theory of ideas.

Plato also had very specific ideas about the state. A state should be run with reason. Just as the head guides the body, the philosophers should guide society. Incidentally, Plato also believed that the upbringing of children was very important and should not be placed in the hands of perhaps incapable parents. He was the first to call for public kindergartens and all-day schools. So Plato thought quite modern in some respects.

Also Plato’s image of women was unusual for his time. He believed that women also had reason, which was extraordinary at the time when women had no rights at all. He also called for girls and women to learn and receive education.

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Christina Cherry
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