In winter, parents’ biggest worry is colds and flu. Those who are curious about these diseases with different properties International Polyclinic Children’s Health & Diseases Specialist View Banu’s full profile shares with you.
: What is a cold?
Dr. Banu Sadıkoğlu: It is popularly known as colds.
: Why with children?
Dr. Banu Sadıkoğlu: It is a viral infection. It is transmitted by droplets that spread through sneezing or coughing.
: What are the symptoms?
Dr. Banu Sadıkoğlu: Runny nose, nasal congestion, sore throat, dry cough, weakness and body aches. Some children may have a very low fever. However, this temperature is below 38 degrees.
: What types of protection are there??
Dr. Banu Sadıkoğlu: It is possible to avoid contact with the person with the common cold. Parents believe that they will protect their children in layers in winter. The cold, however, has nothing to do with the common cold. The only thing parents should pay attention to is to try to keep their children away from people with colds as much as possible.
: What is the treatment?
Dr. Banu Sadıkoğlu: A symptomatic Treatment of Soothing nose, pain reliever with room humidification and plenty of fluid intake is recommended. In such cases, it is completely wrong for families to take antibiotics as their first choice. Antibiotics have no use in treating colds.
: What is flu?
Dr. Banu Sadıkoğlu: It is a viral infection that is transmitted by droplets that spread through coughing or sneezing. Influenza viruses that colonize the upper and lower respiratory tract multiply and spread quickly.
: What are the differences from the common cold??
Dr. Banu Sadıkoğlu: The flu is more severe than the cold, more contagious and may not be limited to the respiratory tract.
: What are the symptoms of influenza??
Dr. Banu Sadıkoğlu: There is a fever, a headache, Muscle pain and cough. Sometimes it is not limited to the respiratory tract and can affect other organs such as the middle ear, heart and liver.
: What is the treatment of influenza?
Dr. Banu Sadıkoğlu: Treatment is symptomatic. Antibiotics don’t help. Decongestant drugs against nasal congestion, pain relievers and antipyretics are used. Treatment may be required in cases where the patient is not getting enough fluid and vomiting is associated with intravenous fluid treatment.
: The flu vaccine should be given to children?
Dr. Banu Sadıkoğlu: It is recommended for children with frequent and severe respiratory infections or with systemic diseases (such as heart and respiratory diseases). The effectiveness in children is 60-70%. In other words, children who have been vaccinated can also have the flu. We recommend vaccination from an age. Must be done in autumn.
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