Worth knowing about dentures: Partial denture, full denture, telescopic denture
A dental prosthesis is an artificial denture that can replace one, several or even all natural teeth. In general, dentures are divided into removable and permanent dentures, whereby prostheses are usually part of removable dentures. Fixed dentures can be achieved with dental implants, bridges and crowns.
If missing teeth are not replaced, there is a risk of private, professional and, above all, physical impairment. Permanently missing teeth have a negative effect on the digestion, speech, function and maintenance of the jaw bones. The unnaturally altered distribution of chewing pressure, for example, can damage the jaw joint over time. Prostheses provide a reliable remedy for this.
Which dentures are available?
Modern prosthetics has a number of effective possibilities of dental prosthesis: The most frequently used are telescopic prostheses, clasp prostheses, total prostheses and attachment prostheses. For the period during which the final prosthesis is fabricated, a so-called interim prosthesis is also used as a temporary denture.
Properties of dentures
If missing teeth cause such large gaps in the dentition that a bridge is no longer sufficient as a dental prosthesis, they are usually replaced with a prosthesis. Dentures are a good replacement for lost teeth in both the upper and lower jaw.
Among other things, prostheses help to restore the chewing function and speech ability caused by tooth loss. They also ensure an aesthetically pleasing appearance despite missing teeth.
If teeth are still naturally present and can be used to attach a prosthesis, this is referred to as a partial denture; if, on the other hand, all the teeth in the upper or lower jaw have to be replaced, this is referred to as a total or full denture.
A modern alternative to the well-known full denture with palatal plate is the “all-on-four” method. With the help of this prosthetic treatment, which can often be carried out in one session, even edentulous jaws can be restored with dentures anchored to implants.
In the case of a shortened row of teeth, which requires dental prostheses in the area of the posterior molars, a so-called outdoor prosthesis can also be used. It is a form of partial denture for which there is no anchorage in the denture on both sides, i.e. one free end of which sits in the row of teeth.
Knew how: Cleaning of dentures
Careful daily oral hygiene – the preservation of the natural oral flora and intact mucous membrane – is important for everyone, but especially for prosthesis wearers.
When cleaning the respective prosthesis, a special prosthesis brush can help. During use, however, care should be taken to ensure that the bristles are arranged correctly and are easy to handle so that any remaining adhesive cream can be safely removed. Long bristle taps are ideal for cleaning the anchoring and retaining elements of a partial denture. A curved bristle comb extending over the brush head is suitable for the lower and upper sides. Finally, a large bristle field cleans both the teeth and the interdental spaces and large surfaces. Modern denture brushes combine all these quality features in a standardised way.
It is generally advisable for prosthesis wearers to apply a special cleaning solution about three times a week. Your dentist will be happy to recommend a solution that is individually suitable for your prosthesis and saves you the consequences of inadequate cleaning.
Prevent tartar and fungal attack
When cleaning the “third teeth”, prosthesis wearers should bear in mind that tartar can also accumulate here if insufficient care is taken. This is because the soft plaque, usually caused by food intake, sticks to artificial teeth as well as to natural teeth. However, your dentist can remove tartar from the denture with grinding and polishing instruments or an ultrasound device.
In order to prevent tartar on dentures, the plastic and metal saddles of dentures should be cleaned well every day. It is precisely at these points that food residues are preferably deposited and can cause inflammation. Bad breath can also be an unpleasant consequence of these remnants. If the food remains that have not been removed decompose, this can even promote inflammation of the mucous membrane.
Yeast fungi can rarely deposit and multiply on a prosthesis. In particular, sugars are an ideal breeding ground for candida fungi. Once such a fungal infection occurs, however, a special solution and professional cleaning of the prosthesis can provide a reliable remedy.
No matter which type of denture is the most advisable for you: Your dentist will be happy to give you valuable tips on the daily use and cleaning of the denture at any time.