Summer diarrhea, which occurs frequently at the age of 0-5 years, also increased with the warming of the weather. Specialist in child health and diseases at the American Academy of Pediatrics’ full profile take summer diarrhea measures.
summer diarrhea It is common in children aged 0-5 years. The World Health Organization (WHO) defines diarrhea as watery defecation in infants who receive more than three juices per 24-hour period or in infants who are breastfed only. Diarrhea increases bowel movements, fluid intake from the intestine decreases and the amount of fluid released into the intestine increases. The stool consistency deteriorates, there is a soft, watery appearance and the number of bowel movements increases. Diarrhea in children usually occurs within 3 to 7 days. If water and salt losses are replaced, there is no risk to life. Diarrhea can lead to death if it is not replaced. It is the main cause of death in children. Around 10 million children under the age of five die annually. Most deaths caused by diarrhea join malnourished children in underdeveloped countries, between 6 and 12 months, as the immune system is not yet fully developed at this age and the antibodies transmitted by the mother are reduced.
diarrhea Caused by bacteria and viruses that get through water and nutrients. Food poisoning from eating food contaminated with microbes or toxins is widespread. The time between food intake and onset of symptoms varies from 1-6 hours to 2-5 days. Poultry, dairy products, eggs, chocolate, baked goods, preserves, vegetables, fruits, green lettuce, shellfish and sauces can contain microorganisms or toxins that can lead to food poisoning.
Diarrhea, vomiting, nausea, abdominal pain, fever, a headache, Weakness is observed.
Running fluid and electrolyte losses must be replaced. Liquid electrolyte packs (ORS) were manufactured, which are sold in pharmacies by the World Health Organization and UNICEF. Effective use reduced the need for intravenous fluid treatment by 33%, stool excretion by 20% and the incidence of vomiting by 33%. Zinc supplementation has shown benefits in treatment. Diarrhea medication or antibiotics should only be given as directed by a doctor.
Diarrhea child Nutritional needs are also increasing. Therefore, nutrition should be continued while increasing fluid intake. Breastfeeding should be intensified in infants who receive breast milk: in infants who are fed with infant formula, diarrhea can be replaced by lactose-free or probiotic lactobacillus reuteri, and the Diarrhea is significantly reduced. Liquids such as tea, rice juice, carrot juice, soups should be preferred. High-energy, protein-containing, non-cellulose-containing, soft foods should be given. Rice, potatoes, feta cheese, yogurt, bread, lentils, tarhana soup, cooked meat, chicken, fish and boiled eggs can be administered.
Family members should wash their hands before breastfeeding the child, changing the diaper, or after using the toilet.
Pasteurized milk and bottled fruit juice, boiled or bottled water should be given. Peel the fruit, meat, fish, seafood should be cooked well, cheese, yogurt, ice cream, like dairy products must be made from pasteurized milk. The food to be stored should be cooled as soon as possible, the temperature of the place to be stored should be below 4 degrees, the food should be heated sufficiently during preparation, should be stored in the refrigerator after cooking, in closed containers, within an hour consumed and the general cleaning rules are followed.
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