Educator training: Information on prerequisites, salary and occupation
Education is a matter of the country. This also has consequences for training occupations. In each state, the educator training is a little different and also the entrance requirements differ in part from each other. Even the individual technical colleges or specialist academies for social education have their own admission criteria on the basis of which they decide whether a pupil or a pupil can be admitted or not. It is therefore important to find out about the respective conditions and prerequisites with regard to educator training directly at the relevant training centers.
For whom is an educator training in question?
Anyone who wants to take on the profession of educator should always like to deal with people. Although educators mainly work with children or adolescents, they also have to deal with parents, institutions and authorities. The "Work on the child" is an important aspect, but by no means the only one.
In addition to social competence, teamwork and empathy, those who are interested have to be able to reflect. Being able to reflect on and question one’s own actions is not only an important competence that is required during the training. She also plays a big role in her professional life. Furthermore, educators should be resilient, flexible and willing to learn. The demands that educators have to meet on a daily basis have changed in recent years and the workload is growing. Therefore, there should be a willingness to undergo regular training and to develop oneself as a parenting person.
Not least for the protection of one’s own health, it is also important to maintain peace even in stressful situations.
What does the labor market situation look like for educators??
Educators have very good chances in the job market. This is partly because the industry generally offers many possible uses. Due to the high proportion of young women who would like to have a child themselves, jobs are often available as maternity representation.
On the other hand, educators are desperately looking for, because since 2013 there is a nationwide legal entitlement to a childcare place for each child, which has completed the first year of life. In addition, a wave of retirement of pedagogical personnel is expected for the next few years.
Especially male educators are very happy to be hired. The male quota in crèches and kindergartens is currently well below ten percent. There are already campaigns aimed at changing this situation and getting more men enthusiastic about the profession of the educator.
Which fields of work exist for educators?
There are many fields of work for educators. Well-trained educators Educators can usually choose a job that suits their personal interests and preferences.
In recent years, many jobs have been created in crèches. There, educators look after toddlers between six months and three years. From this point of view, educators can work in kindergartens or also work in school childcare. In addition, educators are needed in homes, youth facilities, boarding schools, hospitals and therapy centers, hotels and sometimes also in private households.
Which prerequisites must be met by interested parties??
As already mentioned, the conditions for educator training in the individual federal states are very different. The respective Ministries of Education of the Länder are responsible. The educational server has a good page about details in the federal states, and in our school directory you can find more information about the entry requirements in the various federal states. In any case, applicants should have a middle school diploma and ideally have already completed training as a nanny or social pedagogic assistant. Alternatively, high school graduates are admitted if they have a longer relevant internship in a socio-educational institution. Even those who have non-relevant vocational training, have about one year social-pedagogical practice experience to be admitted to a technical college or at a technical college.
Each application is checked individually. There is no obligation on the part of the school to accept a candidate. In addition, she can set her own criteria by which she chooses her students. Mostly a CV has to be submitted. There is also a letter of motivation and a personal job interview. Private or church-sponsored schools can also make the acceptance or rejection of applicants dependent on the denomination.
Important: The educator training is widely recognized regardless of the state in which it was completed. This means that graduates with state recognition can work throughout Germany.
Entry requirements and school directory of the federal states
Entry requirements and school directory of the federal states
What different forms of educator training there is?
The classic way of becoming an educator is to attend a vocational school for social education. In Bavaria this is called Fachakademie. Many state and private vocational schools and vocational colleges often offer educator training. The training is completed full-time by most providers, but some schools also offer part-time or evening classes. These are usually addressed to educational supple- ments who are already working in a socio-pedagogical field of work.
Apart from that, some basic pedagogical courses of studies have existed for some years. These are usually offered by universities of applied sciences and qualify the graduates for employment in socio-educational institutions and often also for a managerial position.
Another way to get the state recognition as an educator is the successful participation in a non-pupil or external examination. However, this option is only for very few interested parties in question.
How is the educator training structured and how long will it take??
Performance assessments are carried out regularly through written tests, presentations, elaborations and project work, as well as through practical examinations in the respective institutions. The students should put what they have learned into practice. Intermediate certificates are also compiled at most technical colleges in order to inform prospective educators about their level of performance.
After two school years, a written exam takes place in the form of exams. Content is usually the theoretical and practical learning content of the past two years. Often, students also have to write a written paper on a pedagogical topic. This should comply with scientific standards. The practical exam is followed by the practical year or year of recognition. This will be done by the prospective educators in a socio-educational institution. As a rule, they have to work there for at least 30 hours a week, but they receive compensation for the first time. In the care key, the interns are counted as a regular second or additional force.
Even during the recognition year, lessons are held at the technical colleges at regular intervals, usually in the form of block lessons. In addition, practical tasks have to be fulfilled, which then receive an evaluation from the visiting teachers. At the end of the internship, there will be a final exam – usually in the form of a colloquium.
What are the contents of the educator training?
The contents of the training are determined by the respective school on the basis of the curriculum that the respective Ministry of Culture stipulates.
An important part of the training is the teaching of educational expertise and pedagogical competence. These include the development of developmental psychological foundations, learning theories, pedagogical currents as well as educational processes and learning theories. The subject German / Communication deals with children‘s literature, language development and language disorders as well as media and communication theories. In addition, students learn about techniques of creative design, movement and movement education, and the evening newspaper of music and rhythm for children. Further, the prospective educators learn how to elaborate, perform and reflect educational offerings and gain insight into the documentation of educational processes. Complementary aspects are parent work, project work, group dynamic processes, science education as well as integration and inclusion. In some technical colleges, English, religion, religious education as well as learning an instrument on the timetable. Some training centers have developed a special school profile and offer their students to acquire additional qualifications at the same time as training as a state-recognized educator. Almost always it is possible at the technical colleges to obtain the Fachhochschulreife, sometimes even the general university entrance qualification.
In the methodical and didactic implementation of the lessons at the technical colleges, modern learning concepts are implemented. Teachers often work interdisciplinary and topic – oriented, teaching their students different methods and social forms, such as group work, project work, role play, various presentation techniques, etc.
What does an educator / educator earn during the training??
Since the education of educators takes place for the most part at school, the students do not earn a salary during this time. However, they are not charged, except for books, school trips, copies or special learning materials. Only very few technical schools charge a tuition fee.
However, students can apply for Bafög if they no longer live at home during the training.
During the recognition year, prospective educators receive remuneration for their daily work. Depending on the number of weekly lessons and the institution of each institution, the salary of an educator in the practical year is between 700 and 1000 Euro net. For comparison: The starting salary after training starts at about 1200 euros net
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