Fever in children
High fever in children can be caused by many different diseases. These are often viral or bacterial infections.
Some children can also get a fever from tooth growth.
Causes of fever in children
Viral infections such as colds and flu are diseases that usually cause only a low fever in children.
Other causes include:
- Ear infections (otitis media)
- urinary Tract Infections
- Fifth disease
- Three-day fever (Roseola)
- Hand-foot-mouth disease
- Scarlet fever
- Dengue fever (transmitted by the bite of the Asian tiger mosquito)
Sometimes other symptoms appear with the fever, for example:
- Sore throat
- Stuffy nose
- Swollen eyes
- Cold hands and feet
Bloody sputum can be a symptom of a serious illness such as:
These diseases are very rare in children. It is more likely to be a small, ruptured blood vessel in the nose that is bleeding. This is particularly common if the child has had a runny nose for a few days.
Cough and fever in children
teeth: Tooth growth is one of the most common causes of cough and mild fever in young children.
Increased salivation during tooth formation provokes cough. According to some pediatricians, gingivitis during tooth growth can be the reason for an elevated temperature (below 37.5 ° C).
Since tooth growth is a normal process, parents should not worry about these symptoms.
asthma: Asthma is a respiratory disease that can lead to chronic cough in children.
The main symptoms are:
- Shortness of breath (dyspnea)
- Persistent slimy cough
Respiratory infections: Respiratory infections of the bacterial or viral type can cause the following diseases:
5. Croup cough
Fever between 38 ° C and 39 ° C can also be a reaction to vaccination and should go away within two days.
Cold and flu are the most common causes of cough and fever.
Upper respiratory tract infections (nose and throat) cause:
Fever without symptoms in children
A mistake of many parents is to start treatment according to the temperature that the thermometer shows.
However, the experts believe that the behavior of the child is the most important.
For example, there would be no need to worry if the child has a high fever but does not behave like a sick person.
In these cases:
- the child must not be dressed too warmly; a heartbeat per degree increased by 10 beats per minute is a normal reaction;
- the child must drink enough to avoid dehydration.
However, infants who are younger than three months old should be referred to the doctor even with mild fever.
Natural remedies for fever and cough in children
Depending on the cause and severity of the condition, some simple home remedies can be helpful:
- To lower fever
- Against cough
Coughing up mucus from a catarrh reduces symptoms, but children tend to swallow the mucus.
The application of a steam inhaler is the best method against:
Of the old home remedies can Gargle with salt water and some turmeric may be helpful.
The child can be one hot bath take, because the rising steam helps to clear the nose and liquefy the mucus that provokes the stubborn cough.
When do you have to worry about child’s fever?
If the rectal fever measurement (in the anus) shows a value above 37.5 degrees, this means that the child has a fever, while the axillary measurement (in the armpit) shows only 37 ° C.
The child has a high fever above 40 degrees.
Sometimes fever can only exist in the evening. The cause can be an illness such as:
- Post-acute gastroenteritis
In the evening, the body temperature is also higher in healthy people, around 37 ° C.
When do you have to call the doctor??
The normal human body temperature (external) is below 37 degrees. If the temperature rises above this value, the child has a fever. If the child’s temperature exceeds 37.5 ° C, an infection may develop. The reason for this can be other symptoms of the child such as:
- to cough
- Viral infection
The doctor must be called if:
- the child is younger than one year;
- the child has a fever without symptoms for a week, which should usually go away after 4 or 5 days;
- the child has symptoms (e.g. due to meningitis and pneumonia) >When do you have to go to the hospital??
Symptoms that indicate a serious occurrence are:
2. Rapid breathing
3. Pale skin or pallor
4. Severe muscle pain
5. Blue lips
7. Lack of appetite and rejection of food
8. Persistent diarrhea
9. Stomach cramps
If the child shows any of these problems along with fever, it is better to go to the hospital emergency department immediately. The doctor may do some tests before treatment begins.
Fever that comes and goes often in children
Recurrent fever means that the symptom passes but often comes back.
It usually manifests itself along with other serious symptoms such as:
- Persistent vomiting
- joint pain
Some causes of recurrent fever are:
- Lyme disease (caused by lice or tick bites)
Syndrome of fever that goes and comes in children
There are some genetic diseases in which the sufferer has episodes of periodic fever.
These diseases are known as auto-inflammatory diseases, including:
1. Family Mediterranean fever (FMF), causes:
- Fever of 1-3 days
- Chest and abdominal pain
- joint pain
2. Hyperimmunoglobulinemia D, a syndrome characterized by an excessive concentration of immunoglobulins in the plasma. The disease causes a 5-day fever accompanied by:
- enlarged lymph nodes
- Abdominal and joint pain
3. PFAPA syndrome, a disease that causes aphthous stomatitis, pharyngitis and adenopathy (enlarged lymph nodes).
Intermittent fever means that the disease does not cause constant fever. For example, the fever only occurs every other day or again after a few days without a fever.
Causes of intermittent fever
Gastroenteritis or intestinal flu is characterized by inflammation from:
An infection is caused by:
- Prolonged fever
- a headache
- loss of appetite
- Blood or mucus in the stool
It is an infection caused by the bacterium Brucella. People who are in contact with infected animals are at increased risk of contracting it.
The infection spreads to humans through:
- Consumption of unpasteurized milk
- Contact with infected animals
Symptoms of this condition are:
- Joint and muscle pain
- heavy sweating
- Fever that rises and falls
Malaria arises from infection with the Plasmodium vivax, which causes symptoms such as:
- Intermittent fever
- joint pain
Tuberculosis is characterized by rising fever in the afternoon.
Night sweats occur at night.
In the morning, the patient either has no fever or only an elevated temperature.
Without treatment, the disease can:
- last for several months,
- to be deadly.
With appropriate treatment, she can be cured within a week.
Persistent fever in children
Typhoid fever is one of the most common causes of persistent fever.
It is a disease that affects the gastrointestinal tract and is caused by the bacterium Salmonella Typhi.
Symptoms of typhoid fever are:
- Slow progressive fever (first week)
- High persistent fever (second week)
- Heavy sweating
Typhoid fever can heal completely or become chronic.
In the case of severe blood infections, such as blood poisoning, fever always occurs. The high fever can also rise during the day.
What to do? How to treat the fever in children
The following natural remedies it makes no difference whether the child is one, two or seven years old, except for the diet, because infants cannot eat solid foods.
- With low fever you can go outside, in winter you should dress the child warm.
- If the child has a high fever, you shouldn’t cold washes make. The ablutions as an antipyretic measure have the opposite effect, since the body tries to balance the cold with a further increase in body temperature.
- Avoid hanging up icebag on the child’s body, because that could make the situation worse.
- At night it is recommended to print one Alumina wrap on the stomach. This draws the heat and toxins out of the body.
- The child is not with too heavy duvets cover up. A bed sheet over a shirt is sufficient (minimal clothing).
- Make sure the child is in one well ventilated room stops, even in the winter months.
- The room temperature should not be so low as to cause the child to shiver because the chills can increase body temperature. The ideal temperature is between 19 ° C and 20 ° C.
Eat something? Diet and nutrition for fever in children
A light diet based on natural and plant foods is recommended.
If the child is not hungry, it should not be forced to eat.
Breastfeeding can continue with fever.
It is a common belief that garlic, onion, potato, and protein lower the fever.
Drinking herbal teas, hot soups, and gargling with salt water can help alleviate the following symptoms:
Hot liquids help loosen mucus.
Fever therapy in children and paracetamol
Antibiotics are only used for fever caused by bacterial infections.
Children and newborns should not be given aspirin because it can cause Reye’s syndrome.
Paracetamol (e.g. Ben-u-ron) is the most prescribed drug that infants can also use to lower their fever, but only if the doctor or pediatrician prescribes it.
If medication is not necessary, it is better to avoid it.
In addition to taking medication, children should stay in bed to recover quickly.
Some pediatricians prescribe corticosteroids (e.g. Betnesol) instead of acetaminophen if the fever does not go down. However, due to the many side effects that cortisone can cause, great caution is required here.
Some nonsteroidal anti-inflammatories such as ibuprofen (trade name Nurofen) have an antipyretic effect and can be prescribed by the pediatrician.
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