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The consequences of the second industrial revolution
The second industrial revolution was a second phase of industrialization. French and German research has continued the second industrial revolution since around the 1870s and 1880s. In the second industrial revolution the electricity and the Internal combustion engine replaced the steam engine. Oil has also become an important raw material. During this time there was also progress in medicine, chemistry and the construction of railways, e.g. with us (Wocheiner Bahn).
The second industrial revolution brought the consequences to different areas, in society, in the economy, also in culture, industrialization has increased literacy … But all the consequences were not only good. The population grew towards the end of the 19th century. Because of competitiveness and high taxes, smallholders have mostly perished. This led to mass immigration into the cities. Immigrants lived in industrial suburbs where living conditions were very poor. Machines replaced workers and unemployment rose. We must also mention the consequences that the industrial revolution had on air and water pollution. Because of the bad sewage system was that Water was polluted and some diseases such as typhoid and cholera spread in the working-class areas.

Child labor was a negative consequence of industrialization:

Child labor was another negative consequence of industrialization. Children as small as four or six years old worked in the factories between 10 and 16 hours a day. Factory owners hired the children because they were cheaper and smaller than adults, so they could do some jobs easier than adults. Children often earned only 10 to 20 percent of the adult salary. On January 1, 1904, the Child Protection Act in the German Empire prohibited the employment of children under twelve Years in commercial companies.

In Slovenia the majority of the population were farmers. Industrialization and the
Agricultural crisis, which was one of the consequences of industrialization, provoked many migrations. Among the migrants were the Alexandrines who migrated to Egypt to make some money.

Despite some negative effects, I have to say that the second industrial revolution had several good effects and brought progress and improvements in living standards.


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Christina Cherry
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