Iodine deficiency in pregnancy: You can do that
- Iodine deficiency in pregnancy favors Abortions, growth and developmental disorders.
- There is an increased need for iodine during pregnancy.
- The Taking supplements is recommended to ensure a sufficiently high iodine intake.
Iodine deficiency is a deficiency syndrome that can have dire consequences for your baby during pregnancy and lactation. You may be among the 390 million people who already suffered from an iodine deficiency before they became pregnant. As demand increases during pregnancy, you endanger the healthy development of your child – without pills that compensate for the deficiency.
1. Iodine is a trace element that the body does not produce
Iodine falls into the category of trace elements. It is for the human body vital and must be external be supplied. The human body can be iodine do not produce yourself. It is important for the body to Produce thyroid hormones to be able to. These are needed to Metabolic processes to perform optimally.
If the iodine content is not correct, it can lead to diseases such as Diseases of the musculature, the nervous system, the circulation, the heart and the metabolism.
When asked “Do you have to take iodine?”, There can be no clear recommendation. Finally determined the individual needs, how much iodine the body needs. Just during pregnancy is this Demand increased significantly.
2. Iodine deficiency in pregnancy: the need is much higher.
Pregnant women need more iodine for two reasons.
- For one thing, you have to do it yourself more own thyroid hormones to produce
- and second, you have to go in addition to provide for the unborn baby.
The answer to the question, when the demand increases, is surprising: The need for iodine already shows in the 12th week of pregnancy. At this time The thyroid of the embryo starts to work. This works only if you absorb enough iodine for yourself and your baby. You need to take care of your baby during pregnancy and subsequent breastfeeding.
Outlook: If you feed your child porridge, you should make sure that the porridge is iodine-containing when bought junk food. If this is not the case, a drug iodine intake is recommended. Talk to your pediatrician about it.
2.1. When does one speak of iodine deficiency in pregnancy? These are the recommended guidelines:
|group||Need per day|
|pregnant woman||230 micrograms per day|
|breastfeeding||260 micrograms per day|
|Infants (4 to 12 months)||80 micrograms per day|
|Infants (0 to 4 months)||40 micrograms per day|
As it is about the iodine content in your body, a doctor can detect in a hormone test.
3. The symptoms of iodine deficiency can be palpable and visible
Although, according to the World Health Organization, Europe is no longer an iodine deficiency area, already 390 million people suffer from this deficiency. Worldwide, around two billion people suffer from iodine deficiency.
There are numerous symptoms that can indicate an iodine deficiency. hair loss and Skin changes, susceptibility to infections, reduced performance, sleep disorders, feeling cold, indigestion, poor concentration and fatigue may indicate an iodine deficiency – during pregnancy or in advance.
If you suffer from an iodine deficiency before your pregnancy, then the symptoms and the deficiency during pregnancy will be significantly increased again, because even your unborn child wants to be taken care of.
You may feel and perhaps even see other symptoms that may indicate iodine deficiency. It’s all about signs in the neck area – a larger one neck size, to the Changes of the veins on the neck, one Feeling of tightness on the neck as well as around Difficulty swallowing and breathing.
4. Iodine deficiency in pregnancy and its consequences for the unborn child
If you suffer from an iodine deficiency, you endanger the healthy growth of your child.
Iodine deficiency in pregnancy is treacherous, because the consequences can have fatal consequences. If you suffer from a deficiency in iodine intake during pregnancy, your baby will not be properly cared for.
If you have not taken any iodine, this can be the result:
- The risk of a premature birth increases.
- stunted growth in the maturation of the lungs (especially in premature babies) and in bone growth.
- developmental disorders in brain development (decreased intelligence) and hypothyroidism (neonatal goiter).
- Late effects in newborns: Hearing defects, impaired cognitive development / cerebral maturation, inhibited growth, respiratory distress syndrome, deficient cooking maturation.
4.1. Iodine deficiency also has consequences for adolescents and adults
youth, who have already been insufficiently supplied with iodine in childhood days, often suffer from one goiter or have due to one impaired brain power. Learning and learning difficulties. They get sick more often arteriosclerosis and on Changes in the thyroid gland.
A faulty thyroid function is the consequence with the Adults to struggle with iodine deficiency. So they often suffer Under or over functions the thyroid gland. That may be too fertility problems to lead. Often a thyroid malfunction is triggered by an abnormality in blood pressure, In other words, too high a blood pressure literally puts the thyroid under pressure. Also the goitre is a common consequence.
5. Foods can only partially help with iodine deficiency during pregnancy
Iodine deficiency can hardly be compensated by a healthy diet. Instead, dietary supplements help.
- twice a week sea fish (Cod, haddock, plaice, saithe),
- daily up Dairy products,
- on iodized salt as a spice and
- on iodine-containing foods (Sausage, cheese, bread, baked goods).
Despite a deliberately iodine-containing diet, as a pregnant woman you can only meet your daily needs rarely balance. As a rule, be 150 to 200 micrograms added over tablets. What you eat can minimize this proportion of iodine in tablet form in the best case.
Caution: Despite a deliberately iodine-containing diet, it is usually not possible to prevent iodine deficiency during pregnancy. In order to prevent the consequences already mentioned, it makes sense to take iodine tablets after consultation with the doctor.
6. The handle to the iodine tablet is common during pregnancy
Most pregnant women rely on Jodpreparate to provide themselves and the unborn baby optimally. These are usually Iodine tablets prescribed. With iodine-containing ointment, however, a pregnant woman only comes into contact if she has opted for a caesarean section. Iodine in liquid form serves as an antiseptic agent.
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