IoT Technology roadmap
From the very beginning of the development and implementation of IoT, the complexity of IoT products and systems is raised in the scope of digital business transformation and in the sphere of smart technologies. Anyway, the conclusion since 1999 when Kevin Ashton published the term “The Internet of Things,” the implementation of IoT in business is not a simple task. In this sense, the complexity of an IoT system is associated with the definition of a technology stack. To integrate all components of IoT system (hardware, software, protocols, platforms …) into a smooth functional solution, it is necessary to present the IoT technological roadmap.
But what exactly is IoT technology roadmap: is it a simple list of product / system components, a description of tools, protocols, and application schemes within the system or already a blueprint designed to make any product or strategy successful within the IoT ecosystem. In addition to the technical aspect of establishing the IoT roadmap, IoT on some industrial verticals (Energy, Nanotechnology, Automotive, Cognitive Science …).
Why do we need technology roadmap inside IoT?
In the process of constituting IoT products / ecosystems including research and development.
As the IoT product / ecosystem contains IT / internet technologies and various organizational processes, the roadmap should help us to define the time frame. Then, it is very important in answering the question of naming the business goal that wants to be achieved, i.e. how technology, applications, processes, etc. want to help the growth of an organization or system that implements the technology roadmap.
Along with the definition of tech-stack and business-enhancing roadmap processes. This implies declaring existing and predictions of future technological solutions that can help achieve the goal of an efficient IoT product / ecosystem. The IoT product / ecosystem should possess or possess the IoT product / ecosystem. Then, what are the tools, external and internal, that are used in some stages of development. Security processes in all processes wants to be implemented in these processes. Finally, the IoT technology roadmap needs to be answered in order to keep track of and update UX processes (menus, drag-and-drop, onboarding and branding …).
In practical application, therefore, depending on the IoT product / ecosystem type, there is also an element of ownership, operating elements (source mapping, templating, web filtering …), how to reduce load (API hooks technology, load / defer balancing , utilizing metrics) and in many cases service quality parametrizing (training, availability & alerts density, ISO certification …)
Inside IoT roadmap
Looking from the IoT system and product perspective, to IoT technology roadmap is some kind of action plan which in other words, a digital transformation process with feedback based on data intelligence accompanying with various IoT products / assets , operations and people as customers as well as employees within digital systems.
In addition to this logical division within the IoT roadmap, it is imperative to add another dimension that determines the characteristic of the IOT ecosystem – time scale. The timeline is important in the previous period as well as expectable forecasts for the near future. IoT ecosystems and platforms on which they are largely based. IoT roadmap time scale connected to technology roadmap.
Some of the known vendors promote their corporate visions for the IoT roadmaps, search as Windows:
Then AWS IoT approach to its roadmap focused on real tech stack with focus on device software, control services and data services.
IoT roadmap based on platform that gives possible reduction in complexity of IoT development including better security and scalability:
At most of the request, to IoT system shall be working solution and consider all layers of IoT technology stack. Whether it is a commercial, industrial, or connected home resale, the elements that complement IoT tech-stack, no matter which type of reference architecture is used at the base level:
IoT ecosystem requires, in addition to the basic elements, some more resources to make the IoT roadmap complete and usable. The IoT ecosystem, e.g. Executives, Sales, Marketing, and Engineering must work together on the definition of tech-stack.
Additionally, the IoT tech-stack is understood as meaning the details of the IoT tech-stack. The combination of story mapping in IoT tech stack provides visual product backlog with enough information that is needed for day to day work. This approach gives clear understanding which layers are impacted on every single release by featuring tech-stack into IoT roadmap. Thus, by releasing and addressing necessary layers, the IoT architect has an ability to optimize the way in which the building blocks into a roadmap.
Another step of extension IoT tech-stack to improve technology roadmap is based on IoT decision framework. This is related to improved access to structured questioning and navigation through certain layers and to make better decisions. The elements around which the framework is based are as follows:
- User Experience (UX) – In this part, we are not considering technical details but just user needs, try to understand on the best possible way who is the user.
- Data – This represents data decision area, a definition of overall data strategy and data flow through all layers on a technology roadmap. Decisions about device data types, type of analytics and data volume for cloud operations.
- Business – In this part, the business wants to be determined as the economic potential of the IoT product / system, in other words, how to monetize the solution.
- Technology – This decision area is about hardware needs, device software, a topology that can be used, communication protocols, and sensor descriptions. So, if some cloud solution will be involved, the decision factors for that and propose requirements for a complete technical solution.
- Security – Decisions on how each layer could be compromised, how to respond to any of the devices are hacked, and what technology to implement on securing tech-stack for the complete roadmap.
- standards & Regulations – Area to clarify on regulations and standards which can be applied to each layer based on the type of product, industry source and customer orientation. Thus, some additional elements should be declared, such as conformity according to device safety, law to comply at each layer of the roadmap.
At each individual layer, an evaluation of each decision element is necessary.
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