Knee pain – possible causes and treatment

Knee pain - possible causes and treatment

knee pain

Knee pain can occur for a variety of reasons and also take a chronic course. Often the pain in the knee is directly related to an accident or excessive stress. In this case, they are accompanied by symptoms such as bruising or swelling. Sometimes, however, the cause is not immediately recognizable, as knee pain can be triggered by, among other things, some illnesses.

It can come to sudden knee pain and also the intensity of the pain can gradually increase. Some sufferers have such severe knee pain that they can no longer sit and they find walking and standing very difficult.

Possible causes

The list of possible causes of knee pain is very long. For example, the pain in the knee can be caused by an overloaded or incorrectly loaded knee joint. The joint can also be damaged by infections, autoimmune diseases or wear.

Often pain in the knee caused by injuries, with the following causes in question:

    Overstretched ligaments, tendons, capsules or muscles. In addition to knee pain, the knee joint loses stability for a long time. Bruises are accompanied by a bluish-red discoloration of the skin. Meniscal tears, often affecting the inner meniscus and blocking mobility of the joint. Athletes sometimes have torn tendons or muscles at the knee joint or torn ACL. Severe knee pain can arise due to a so-called patellar dislocation. The patella jumps laterally out of the guide. In addition, fractures may be responsible for the knee pain.

Other causes of knee pain include some inflammatory diseases:

    Ankylosing Spondylitis Chronic polyarthritis Osteoarthritis Pseudogout Gout Psoriatic arthritis Rheumatic fever Reactive arthritis Systemic lupus erythematosus

Other causes of knee pain are:

    Bursal or tendinitis Cartilage softening Osteonocrosis Osteochondrosis Baker’s cyst Hemorrhagic tumors



Knee pain, which is severe and persists for a long time, should be examined by a doctor. For each diagnosis, an anamnesis is first carried out in which the doctor asks questions about pre-existing conditions, possible injuries or accidents, as well as complaints and accompanying symptoms. Among other things, the doctor wants to know where the pain is felt, whether it radiates, how much the pain is felt and when the pain mainly occurs.

Subsequently, movement tests are performed with the knee. It also checks for joint effusion, knee swelling or other discomfort that can provide information about the location and intensity of the injury.

If necessary, and depending on the suspicion of the doctor, further examinations may follow, such as sonography, x-ray, magnetic resonance imaging, puncture or knee flexion.


The treatment of knee pain always depends on the cause. In most cases, pain in the knee caused by short-term over- or under-loading will naturally disappear. The doctor may prescribe painkillers, which may include ointments, patches, tablets or injections. In addition, for acute pain management, the surgeon may rinse the joint with a local anesthetic or cortisone preparation.

Some supportive measures are available for knee pain:

    Cold or heat treatment Specialized muscle training Sports such as cycling or swimming Regular exercise Bath or water therapy Ultrasound Electrotherapy Physiotherapy Bandages, splints, shoe covers or other orthopedic aids

Which measures are suitable for the knee problem should be discussed with the doctor.

In some cases, knee pain can only be resolved with surgery. If the cause of the knee problems is osteoarthritis of the knee joints, Chrirugie can correct the joint deformity. In case of extreme impairment or if therapeutic measures did not succeed, a knee prosthesis can be used.

Self-measures for knee pain

As immediate measures for an acute knee injury, the knee should be relieved. In order for a bruise to be attenuated, the knee should be cooled and stored high.

Enzyme tablets and sports albums can be used as supportive aids if the knee pain results from bruising, inflammation or irritation. Quark envelopes also have anti-inflammatory effects.


High risk sports for knee pain

Frequently, knee pain occurs due to injury during exercise. Particularly risky are the sports in which abrupt stop movements and quick changes of direction are carried out. Sports with knee flexion or knee rotation at high load also have a high risk of knee problems.

For example, meniscal damage, cruciate ligament damage, ligament strains and bruising are common in strength sports. Knee pain also often affects skiers, hockey players, footballers or handball players.

Swimming is also one of the sports that often causes knee pain. The knee joints and ankles are more stressed when fins are used. During breaststroke, the rotating movements of the knee joint can cause discomfort. Power swimmers perform the turnaround and strain the knee – this too can cause knee pain.

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Christina Cherry
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