Learning to read – this is how parents can help their children

Being able to read is a matter of course for us adults in this country. Men and women read automatically when confronted with a word without even being aware of it.

But learning to read first is however a tedious and exhausting task, which, even if it is managed by children of primary school age, should not be underestimated.

Learn to read – The three big steps to your goal

Learning to read is basically done in 3 stages.

Step 1: The alphabet – What did an A look like again??

Before you start a text, you have to alphabet get to know.

Children must be able to recognize the graphic signs of the letters and distinguish them. To achieve this first goal, illustrations of the alphabet help in everyday life, for example on a poster or the like. The child can be taught to write their own name and that of their parents or siblings in order to familiarize them with more and more letters. When the children try to write for the first time, it should be noted that the letters must also be correctly formed during the first writing exercises. At least gross mistakes that make the letter unrecognizable should be avoided so that they do not become a habit.

Step 2: Learn sounds – How does an A sound??

In addition, children must be able to assign their respective sounds to the letters.

Children learn to read or play best in general and this is also important here. Games in which the goal is to recognize individual letters by their sounds in the spoken word or the like can either be invented or found on the Internet. On the way, children can work on this by saying the letters on the license plate out loud. Parents can also reward their children with a reward motivate, if they reach a previously set goal, such as reciting the alphabet without help.

3rd step: Practice, practice, practice

When the kids are out with the Familiarized with the alphabet, whose characters and sounds are internalized, they have to learn to combine all this knowledge in order to form letters from words, which then become sentences. Here it is practice, practice, practice!

Keep motivation high!

For some children, learning to read can be a despondent task for which motivation is quickly lost. It is all the more important for parents to show their children how sweet the fruits of their labor can be.

  • Parents as role models
    Parents should be seen themselves as one good Enjoy the book or leaf through a magazine to arouse the curiosity in son or daughter to learn to read.
  • reading together
    Reading together is even more important. The parent’s previous reading aloud can be transformed bit by bit to involve the child more and more until the child reads aloud to the parents.
  • Let reading material be chosen by yourself
    It is important to let the child choose the reading material itself during the reading process. What is read is not so important as what is read. Regular trips to the library can help to find out which stories a particular child likes and what it is worth learning to read.

Patience – not easy but so important!

Parents have to be patient when they help their child learn to read, to discover the written word for themselves. Especially in the beginning, children need time and effort to put together a word and then sentences from letters. Mothers and fathers must not give their child the feeling that their efforts are in vain or that they are too slow in their learning.

Even small advances can cost extreme efforts when the brain slowly gets used to the new task.

Never apply pressure!

Exerting pressure on the child to learn to read at certain times is counterproductive and too often leads to a loss of pleasure in reading. Reading should ideally be the key for the child to a new world to explore, not an item on a checklist that needs to be worked through. Even if the child practices reading only for short daily units, such as shortly before going to bed, this can help a lot.

When should children start reading??

Parents do not have to wait until they are primary school to teach their children to read, but you should be aware that preschoolers do not have to be able to read, they learn it in primary school.

To be familiar with the alphabet or to have already started reading attempts can make it easier for the child to learn later in school, but the child’s interest should always be a guide.


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Christina Cherry
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