Mental disabilities – recognizing and promoting mentally disabled children

  • Mental disabilities usually mean considerable restrictions in cognitive, i.e. intellectual, abilities.
  • Intellectual disabilities also limit the ability to learn and apply new things.
  • The reasons for this can lie in the area of ​​cell division in the fetus.

Many expectant parents fear the diagnosis of their child. Once it is clear that there are intellectual disabilities, the mother and father need information. Read on if you want to know, what exactly mental disabilities are in the baby and how to make them technically divided. You express yourself through typical symptoms of children and even with the baby. They have certain causes. If children have an intellectual disability, you can provide for a life that is as independent as possible with certain aids and interventions. Promoting the child is particularly important here.

1. Children and intellectual disabilities – definition

Intellectual disabilities often do not slow children’s curiosity.

Children have intellectual disabilities with one severely restricted ability to absorb known or new information, to process it cognitively and to apply it. Learning and applying new skills is then massively reduced. Mental disabilities in the baby lead to reduced intelligence. It is therefore not always possible for such a baby to live independently later.

Mental disabilities often start before birth, so during pregnancy.

Autism is sometimes also included in the area of ​​intellectual disabilities. Because here the social skills are limited. Mental illnesses are also included in some cases, but what some experts see differently.

Overall, the areas are mental and intellectual disabilities close together. You can’t always separate them completely.

2. Mental disabilities: the symptoms of the baby and older children

It is often possible, to recognize the intellectual disability in the baby or small child. The baby or the children show this with the following signs:

Sometimes behavioral problems are added to a mental disability.

The The ability to learn new things is severely limited. All processes of learning are slower and slower.

  • The Child development is greatly slowed down. This applies to all skills and abilities that the child has to learn.
  • Also the Perception of the environment and the development of language and speaking are delayed. Children with intellectual disabilities usually start speaking later than other children. They only slowly understand the meanings of words and grammar.
  • Intellectual disabilities lead to one Restriction of the intellect, so it’s not uncommon striking behavior occurs. This can e.g. B. Express in ADHD / ADD, obsessive-compulsive disorder and tics.
  • Are you overwhelmed with intellectual disabilities and need help and relaxation? Then inquire about one mother Child cure. Above all that Müttergenesungswerk has made a name for itself here. Check it out too suitable facilities.

    3. The causes of intellectual disabilities

    Doctors can explain why some parents have a mentally handicapped child. It depends on the different causes from:

    • Most often, intellectual disabilities have causes that result in a disorder of the Cell division in the unborn child lie. So it is z. B. also with Down syndrome. Are also common infectious diseases the expectant mother or pollutants during pregnancy as causes. These include alcohol and certain medicines.
    • Are also possible inherited metabolic disorders or damage caused by the birth arose are. Children can infections who have intellectual disabilities. One is rare pronounced undersupply causal in the first years of life.

    4. The technical classification of intellectual disabilities

    Mental disabilities become professionally classified according to their severity:

    description Signs, characteristics
    Slight intellectual disability
    (formerly: debility)
    IQ: 50-69; Intelligence age as adults: 9-12 years; mostly those affected can work and maintain social contacts independently
    Moderate intellectual disability
    (formerly: imbecility)
    IQ: 35-49; Age of intelligence as adults: 6-9 years; Required: situational support in everyday life and at work; partial independence is possible; Communication skills are sufficient
    Severe intellectual disability IQ: 20-34; Age of intelligence as adults: 3-6 years; Reading and writing not possible; permanent support needed
    Severe intellectual disability
    (formerly: idiocy)
    IQ: 5. Support the child properly

    It is according to the current state of medicine unable to cure or prevent mental retardation.

    A special needs school can be the right choice for a mentally handicapped child.

    Parents of affected children should know that early and intensive support for your child leads to good results can.

    Children with intellectual disabilities can – as far as possible – with the proper guidance skills and abilities to learn to live a social life.

    Provide the necessary medical treatments. But also earlier if possible Contact with appropriate funding institutions is important. There are integrative programs for the age of preschool and school years so that disabled children and children can learn together without a mental disability.

    Sometimes there is Facility specially designed for disabled children but more appropriate. Schools for children with an intellectual disability usually work with one All-day concept. They are designed to be the one To meet children’s needs.

    Which facility you ultimately choose depends on the Desires and skills of the child and can only decided together with experts become.

    Living with a disabled child is not always easy. Please inform yourself in good time about possible supports, z. B. at the Self-help.


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    Christina Cherry
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