Multiple sclerosis risk in children and adolescents with type 1 diabetes: study

Multiple sclerosis (MS) According to research, the risk is higher in children and adolescents with type 1 diabetes. Dr. med. Susanne Bechtold, pediatrician and diabetologist at the Ludwig Maximilians University in Munich, wrote: "Type 1 diabetes and [multiple sclerosis] are organ-specific inflammatory diseases caused by an autoimmune attack against pancreatic β cells or the central nervous system; a combined appearance has been repeatedly described. We suspect that antibodies (especially diabetes-specific antibodies, celiac or thyroid-specific antibodies), BMI, immigrant background or the month of birth can have a major impact on the coincidence of type 1 diabetes and MS. "

The researchers used a database to measure the relative risk of multiple sclerosis in children and Appreciate adolescents with diabetes. The analysis showed that the estimated relative risk of multiple sclerosis in type 1 diabetics was 3.35 to 4.79 percent for the German reference data and 2.01 to 11.39 percent for the Central European reference data scam.

Factors that contribute to multiple sclerosis risk include immigration status and thyroid antibodies, especially in men. Type 1 diabetics who developed multiple sclerosis were more likely to be born in the spring and summer months, with the highest incidence among those born in June and July and the lowest rates among those born in April.

The authors wrote: "The risk of autoimmune diseases could be linked to the month of birth due to the mother’s seasonal vitamin D deficiency. Lower UV exposure could predict a higher autoimmune susceptibility, which explains the simultaneous occurrence of multiple autoimmune disorders in one person. "

" The present cohort study shows a higher risk for the simultaneous occurrence of MS in children and adolescents. We suggest that environmental factors modulate the individual’s risk of both diseases occurring together ", the authors concluded.

Healthy lifestyle changes for people with multiple sclerosis

Multiple sclerosis can lead to other health complications, so healthy lifestyle changes are not only important to prevent other complaints, but also to improve symptoms and flare-ups. Here is a list of some simple healthy lifestyle changes that multiple sclerosis patients should adopt in their daily lives.

  • Do not smoke
  • Do sports regularly
  • Eat healthy and avoid malnutrition
  • Reduce stress
  • Reduce your risk of infection such as colds and flu
  • Get a lot of rest
  • Stay cool
  • Get support and develop coping mechanisms – keep your daily activities as good as possible, stay in touch with friends and family, pursue favorite hobbies, contact a support group if necessary, speak to yours doctor about your feelings and concerns about multiple sclerosis

By integrating these healthy lifestyle changes into your daily life, you can better manage your multiple sclerosis.


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Christina Cherry
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