Childhood – it’s time to play and carefree. Oh, life is not all children are so rosy: children with muscular dystrophy is simply unable to play mobile games. How to cope with this disease? On the causes, treatment, and prevention of this disease, read this article.
Muscular dystrophy in children: a description of the causes, signs, symptoms
In most cases are the Symptoms of muscular dystrophy Duchenne do not appear until the child starts walking. Half of the sick children start to walk after 18 months of age. Symptoms usually appear between the ages of 2-5 years, when the muscles of the body and the lower parts of the spine are affected first. The slow mental Development and Border intellectual disability can be accompanied by muscular dystrophy.
The symptoms of Duchenne muscular dystrophy are: reluctance to walk or walking too slowly; abnormal walking, gait waddling and often swinging gait; Walking on tiptoe; Inability to jump or run properly; Difficulty climbing the stairs to the sidewalk and the entrance or exit of the car; frequent falls. Affected child is difficult to lift off the floor; he should stand on his hands and knees, pull his legs close to his hands, and only then "go" Feet standing. In connection with walking on the toes of these children, a forward inclination of the pelvis develop and the deformation of the back accordingly.
A child with Duchenne muscular dystrophy is quickly tired and has difficulty keeping the weight of the whole body on one leg. There is usually an increase in the volume of muscles, especially calves; Legs, usually affected symmetrically. The hands are usually not affected until the disease goes away. Dental problems, including the expansion of the jaw and the expansion joint between the teeth, are often enough.
If there is a weakness in the muscles of the shoulder and upper back, the patient is difficult to raise their hands or objects. The blades are pulled up towards the head to give their shoulders a characteristic series of style.
Weak cases of shoulder-facial syndromeMuscular dystrophy usually does not become severe, and patients lead normal, active lives. In cases of severe disorders of the movement of the arms and shoulders can be permanently restricted so that no specific movements can be carried out. No heart or lungs are affected by this disease, mental development does not suffer.
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