Professional teeth cleaning – what is done?
Dental care is very important and, like the air we breathe, should be part of daily care. Some invest a lot of time in dental care, others reduce this to a minimum. But even when using the recommended tools: Toothbrush, solo brush and space brush certain areas cannot be reached. Only professional tooth cleaning helps here.
Once an error has crept in, there is a high probability that it will be repeated regularly. In addition, plaque forms in hard-to-reach areas. If not removed, it will turn into tartar. These two components not only look ugly, but are the pioneers of tooth decay, gingivitis and periodontitis.
Tooth loss due to periodontitis
The consequences are terrifying. Because especially with periodontitis the bone regresses around the teeth and teeth lose their hold. Which in turn has the consequence of tooth loss. Bad breath is also a sign of deposits in invisible places. These include interdental spaces, the posterior molars and particularly shifted wisdom teeth. The tongue also plays an important role.
That is why dentists recommend professional teeth cleaning. This is where stubborn deposits are removed and teeth brushing practiced. If you previously thought it was money-making, you are misinformed. Regular tooth cleaning extends tooth life and the lifespan of dentures such as bridges, crowns and fillings. Because this is where bacteria and food residues tend to accumulate.
We will now explain exactly what happens in professional tooth cleaning!
The individual steps of professional tooth cleaning in an overview
1st step – preliminary check by the dentist
Before professional dental cleaning can be carried out for a patient in a practice for the first time, the dentist must examine the patient and prepare a detailed report. This is usually done in a separate session. This means that only the follow-up is carried out at the PZR appointment.
The dentist pays attention to the preflight for the following features or abnormalities:
- Medical history (medical history)
- Condition of gums and teeth or dentures
- Chewing muscles and TMJs
- Oral mucous membranes and the tongue area (bacteria)
A separate appointment must be made for professional tooth cleaning. The PZR is usually not performed by the dentist.
Almost everyone cleans his Teeth wrong
Specially trained personnel usually take on this task. A "dental hygienist" has enjoyed the longest and most extensive training. Followed by a Dental Prophylaxis Assistant (ZMP).
But before professional tooth cleaning begins, there are a few questions about previous cleaning behavior to clarify. This is usually done by the dental specialist. So that you do not get caught off guard by the treatment, the specialist explains how it works at the PZR. She also explains which instruments she works with.
The scope of the PZR depends on the overall condition of your teeth, gums, oral mucosa and gum pockets.
As a rule, a PRZ takes about 60 minutes.
Step 2 – Removing soft and hard plaque
Deposits (plaque and tartar) form at any time Tooth surfaces, interdental spaces and gum pockets. The process starts again shortly after removal and is promoted by foods or drinks containing sugar.
Ultrasound device from dentistry
All deposits that are on the tooth surface are removed. This is followed by the removal of plaque in the interdental spaces and the gum pockets. The following instruments from dentistry are used – scalers and curettes, ultrasound device, powder jet device with a water-salt-air mixture, interdental brushes and dental floss
The first thing that comes Ultrasound device for use. This removes soft and coarse deposits. This procedure is very effective. However, this aspect is very uncomfortable for some patients. Above all, the noise and sensitive tooth necks are difficult for the patient. However, a well-trained specialist is able to do completely without ultrasound in extreme cases. Alternatively, the very sensitive teeth can also be anesthetized.
Then follows the Cleaning with the hand instruments (Scalers and curettes). These serve to remove solid deposits from the tooth surface, the interdental spaces and gum pockets. Stubborn deposits on the collar are the result of scratchy actions.
Scaler hand instrument from dentistry
Fixed documents are also called tartar. These are very stubborn and cannot be removed without PZR. This is usually followed by cleaning Interdental brush and dental floss. In special cases – for example on implants – the so-called raft is used.
Stubborn stains on the tooth surface are very often removed with a powder water spray. This treatment is often done with a device called “AirFlow”. The Air Flow treatment method is very effective in removing stubborn stains. The application of the Air flow method, is partly controversial among dentists. Where some dentists swear by this method in the PZR, others believe that the tooth surface is overstressed. This method is not used if the tooth necks are exposed too much.
In any case, it should only be used by well-trained personnel.
3rd step – polishing for a smooth tooth surface
The following devices are used for polishing: handpiece, in which the attachments are attached. This handpiece also forms the cornerstone for the use of rotating instruments. rubber tips – very stable rubber. But does not hurt when used in the mouth. Polishing paste – sometimes also with taste for children.
The polishing of the teeth after tooth cleaning is extremely important. By working with the scaler, the ultrasound device and possibly the air flow treatment, the tooth surface is a little rough. New deposits settle faster on rough tooth surfaces, than on smoothly polished tooth surfaces. The polishing is done with different rubber attachments and polishing pastes.
If you have fillings or dentures, the sharp edges are polished smooth. These sharp edges develop over time, but this is completely normal. The polish has another benefit. Your teeth will be polished.
The polishing pastes are mixed with substances that have a remineralizing effect. Among other things, these substances strengthen tooth enamel.