Reasons for the removal
At a glance:
Only in a few cases do the wisdom teeth grow normally out of the jaw AND find enough space there. In such a case, the wisdom teeth can be left and perform a function like the other teeth too.
Here’s a summary of the damage that improperly standing wisdom teeth can do:
- Formation of inflammation
- Formation of cysts
- Damage to neighboring teeth (formation of root caries)
- Accelerated bone loss at the neighboring tooth
- Weakness of the jaw, common place of jaw fractures
Most wisdom teeth are removed between the ages of 16 and 20 years. Then the removal is very easy and takes place before the wisdom teeth can do any damage at all. However, the wisdom tooth removal can also be done much later.
Of course, wisdom teeth that have already led to complaints should be removed in any case. It should also be mentioned that the inflammation originating from the wisdom teeth is very serious and can spread rapidly. Especially those who travel a lot in regions with poor medical care should urgently consider wisdom tooth surgery.
Which problems in a particular case of a wisdom tooth can depend, depends largely on how he is relocated. The dentist differentiates between the following cases:
Partial Retention (Dentitio difficilis) of the wisdom tooth
If the wisdom tooth only partially through the gums looks – so is more in the bone than out of it (the dentist refers to this as “Dentitio difficilis”) -, then in the slip angles under the gums can easily form inflammation. These are not only very painful, but damage the bone and possibly the adjacent tooth or are the starting point for the formation of a cyst.
Vollretinierung the wisdom tooth
The wisdom tooth is not visible in the mouth here – not even remotely. It is completely in the bone or at least under the oral mucosa. He almost always has contact with his neighboring tooth, whose periodontal apparatus he affects. Accelerated bone loss, root caries and premature loss of the important molar tooth can be the result!
Vollretinierung and displacement of the wisdom tooth
In this case, the tooth is not only completely retained in the jaw, but also has a displaced position there. The weakening of the lower jaw is here maximum and means a weak spot of the jaw. In case of violence, z. As falls during sports, cycling, etc., jaw fractures then occur preferably in the field of wisdom teeth. Incidentally, there are the same dangers as the vollretinierten tooth.
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