Refugee children The Odyssey of Karam and Emad
Karam looks uncertain how to find it. The boy comes from Latakia, a sunny coastal town on the Mediterranean. The sparsely populated area around Hardheim – popularly known as "Badisch Siberia" – is foreign to him.
Karam sometimes thinks of running away, moving on. Somewhere else in Germany it may be better to be less lonely. He says: "There are hardly any people here in the village" and that he finally wants to graduate from high school. Other teenagers tear away. Helpers report that they are missing, and the search requests usually go dry.
At the beginning of February, the European police authority Europol raised the alarm: in the past two years, at least 10,000 refugee children traveling alone have disappeared without a trace after arriving in Europe. The situation is particularly bad in Italy and Germany. According to statistics from the Federal Criminal Police Office (BKA), 4,749 minors were reported missing in Germany at the beginning of the year.
The country is torn apart by the war. Since the fall of dictator Muhammad Gaddafi, Libya has been considered a “failed state”. There is no functioning government, investors are avoiding the country. In the meantime, the country has also been targeted by the terrorist group "Islamic State". No wonder that Libya is also one of the most dangerous countries in the world in terms of medical care, according to the current map of "International SOS".
In hardly any other African country has the Ebola virus raged so brutally as in Sierra Leone, one of the poorest countries in the world, in West Africa. The lack of medical care and the late intervention of the international community have made it possible for the virus to reach such deadly proportions. The Ebola epidemic has now been contained. Nevertheless, Sierra Leone is still not a risk-free travel destination.
Like Sierra Leone, Liberia is also suffering from the Ebola epidemic. Here too, the response was too late. In addition to the lack of medical care, there are catastrophic hygienic conditions and the lack of awareness among the population. Many Liberians remained in contact with sick relatives and refused to do without funeral ceremonies, which is why the virus could spread.
While Zimbabwe’s dictator Robert Mugabe lives in exuberance, he leaves his people in dire poverty. An absurdly high inflation, a high mortality rate and a lack of public investment – that everything is of little interest to the aged dictator. Zimbabwe does not suffer from the Ebola virus, but given the country’s poverty, it is not recommended as a travel destination.
The civil war in Syria has cost thousands of lives so far. There is no peace in sight. It is particularly problematic that the disorderly situation in Syria is a hotbed of terrorism. The country is therefore particularly dangerous for travelers. The desolate health care system does not make Syria a safe travel destination.
Iraqi football fans in the streets of the capital Baghdad: The terrorist militia Islamic State (IS) is ensuring civil war-like conditions in the country, which is in crisis. Wild refugee camps, poor medical infrastructure and the heightened uncertainty caused by attacks and bomb threats make living conditions in Iraq particularly precarious. It is not worth a trip.
Destruction in Gaza: Palestine is not safe. The Gaza Strip in particular is considered a powder keg. Skirmishes between the radical Islamic Hamas and the Israeli army occur again and again. In addition, the buildings destroyed by the recent bombardment pose a danger. Due to destroyed pipes, smoldering fires and open sewers, the walled-in Gaza is currently not recommended for travelers from abroad.
The alarm call was quickly weakened, for example because there were double counts. But the horror scenarios of defenseless children, who may be abused by pedophiles, who toil for starvation wages, or who are sent to steal by gang bosses.
In Germany, such refugee fates are likely to be isolated cases, say investigators. Around 1000 kilometers further south, in Italy, misery catches your eye. Boys hang out every day in front of a fast food restaurant at Rome’s Termini train station.
On paper yes. According to the Federal Ministry of Family Affairs, the Child and Youth Welfare Act of the Social Code VIII applies to all children in Germany. It regulates, for example, the promotion of families and day care. In addition, the United Nations’ Convention on the Rights of the Child (UN) has been in force in Germany since 2010. Article 22 stipulates that all children – domestic and foreign, accompanied and unaccompanied – must be granted the same protection. There are also admission guidelines of the European Union (EU). They demand that the states pay special attention to the well-being of refugee children.
Aid organizations such as Unicef, Pro Asyl and Save the Children criticize that accompanied refugees are often even worse off than unaccompanied. Your accommodation quarters are not child-friendly, there is not enough space to run around and the necessary care. Often these children could not go to school for months.
Yes, minor foreigners are compulsory for school. Unlike many children in the reception centers, the unaccompanied children often receive their first language and regional studies courses in their accommodations.
The youth welfare office takes care of unaccompanied minors. The minors should be distributed among the municipalities within 14 days, which according to Pro Asyl does not always succeed. There are quotas for the federal states. Sometimes children move on on their own and try to find relatives. The offices themselves rarely send the children to relatives and foster families, but more often to so-called clearing houses. There they often live in supervised residential groups.
A so-called clearing procedure begins shortly after your arrival – that is, a clarification of key questions. For example, it is there to estimate the age of the refugees if it is not known. However, it varies from state to state. If they are 14 and older, the refugees take fingerprints. They are also examined medically. Then it is checked whether relatives of the minor live in Germany. In addition, advice is given as to whether an asylum application is promising or not.
You are trying to get another residence status, such as toleration or so-called subsidiary protection – this is weakened protection. Both the Federal Office for Migration and Refugees (Bamf) and aid organizations consider it sensible in some cases not to apply for asylum. Young applicants often cannot prove their reason for asylum convincingly enough. Sometimes the unaccompanied people therefore call for deportation bans for the respective countries – e.g. impending torture, genital mutilation or death penalty.
According to figures from the responsible federal office, 14,439 of the unaccompanied minors have made an application. In the same period, it is estimated that about three times as many came to Germany.
A family court appoints a guardian for unaccompanied minors. He is responsible for submitting the asylum application if necessary. Young people have not been allowed to do this in Germany since November 2015. Politicians and aid organizations had previously worked to raise the age from 16 to 18 years. Since the law was changed, they are 16 years old Foreigners no longer treated and interviewed like adults in the asylum procedure
According to the rule, after the clearing process, which lasts up to three months, the minors are handed over to a youth welfare institution, regardless of whether they have applied for asylum or for toleration.
Yes, if the minor receives asylum, for example. If there is no parent in Germany at this time, the parents may move to Germany. In 2015, 442 people received such a residence permit.
Youth welfare can usually continue to be given to young adults up to the age of 21. Around 7,700 young adults aged 18 and over are currently receiving this support.
Children and adolescents are only entitled to acute illnesses and pain treatments. Anything beyond this – such as therapies for traumatized people – is at the discretion of the local authorities. Aid organizations criticize that the refugees are dependent on the benevolence of the offices.
Children accompanied by their parents receive clothing, food and everyday necessities in accordance with Section 3 of the Asylum Seekers Benefits Act. In addition, they usually receive vouchers instead of pocket money, for example for visits to the zoo or swimming pool. The monthly amounts are about ten percent below the Hartz IV level. Unaccompanied minors also receive benefits under Social Code VIII.
You are looking for customers. For quick sex. The African doorman of the snack bar greets most with a handshake, everyone knows each other. Italian newspapers call the place behind which the hustlers withdraw, the "wailing wall". Most boys are between 14 and 17 years old.
"Almost all of them are Egyptians, so-called economic refugees," says Paolo Rozera, General Director of the children’s aid organization Unicef Italy. Unicef counts the approximately 1,300 young Egyptians who, according to government information, work illegally in Italy and are in hiding among the missing minors.
By Claudia van Laak and Kemal Hür Language is the key to integration, it is said again and again. But there is often a lack of implementation. German for…
All parents want to create a unique and magical space for their children. Such girls or boys room decoration often involves the choice…
When it comes to the transition from a play bike to the next larger bike, then we are talking about a 20 inch children’s bike. These models are suitable with…
Search Ariadne Path: Contents Refugee Children in Day Care Centers Compared to the age structure of the German population, the proportion of refugees among the…