Straighten crooked teeth in children? Many parents see 6 beautiful anterior teeth, especially in the upper jaw and good functioning of the chewing system (chewing, swallowing, speaking), making no real sense in a presentation to the orthodontist. But far from aesthetics is not the main concern of childhood orthodontics, but only an accompanying result. Orthodontics is prevention. Only an expert can recognize dangerous, externally completely inconspicuous misalignments. Such misalignments can e.g. 10-20 years later, the cause of an unnatural abrasion of the hard tooth substance, a decrease in gums and ultimately tooth loss. Orthodontics Suhl will be happy to provide you with information on crooked teeth in children using a few case studies.
Straightening crooked teeth in children – overbite
In general, laypeople understand an “overbite” as too large a distance between the front teeth (incisors) of the lower and upper jaw. This assumption is medically wrong. The overbite, also known as overbite, describes the vertical biting of the teeth. Usually the overbite should be 2-3 mm. If it is smaller than 2-3 mm, one speaks of a flat or even open bite. The patient cannot bite properly in these cases. Children who suck and chew nails or pencils are often affected. If the overbite is larger than 2-3 mm, one speaks of a deep bite. In this case, the children often bite the palate with their mandibular front teeth. This is usually not noticed. But can later lead to gum retraction or even loss of the upper front teeth.
The increased distance between the upper and lower anterior teeth in the horizontal is referred to as an overjet. An increased distance usually arises from a combination of lower jaw reserve and tilting of the upper jaw front to the front.
Lower jaw reserve and anterior protrusion – amateurish “overbite” before treatment and after treatment with loose braces for over 6 months
Straightening crooked teeth in children – cross bite
The cross bite is caused by a mismatch between the upper and lower jaw size. Since the upper jaw is too small, the lateral cusps of the teeth do not reach over the lower jaw as usual, but into the lower jaw. A cross bite can exist on one side (asymmetrical) or on both sides (symmetrical). The crossbite inhibits the growth of the maxilla / midface. This can either lead to facial asymmetry / facial scoliosis in one-sided cross bites or to an overall underdeveloped midface in both-sided cross bites. Rapid treatment, ideally in the milk dentition, enables harmonious facial growth.
Open bite and cross bite before and after orthodontic treatment
Straightening crooked teeth in children – lack of space
If the jaw is too small, there may be a lack of space for each permanent tooth. In addition to the very frequent lack of space for the canine teeth, there can also be a lack of space for any other permanent tooth. Any permanent tooth that cannot break through properly can loosen the roots of neighboring teeth through pressure or damage the jaw.
Outstanding canine teeth before and after treatment
If the patient introduces himself in time, orthodontic space can be created for a shifted tooth germ. This then either grows into the gap by itself or can be adjusted by the orthodontist after minimally invasive exposure by the surgeon.
We would be happy to advise you personally on the correction of misaligned teeth in your child directly in our practice (orthodontics Suhl – Lauwetter 33 – 98527 Suhl) or by email. Just leave us a message using the contact form below.
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