Strong period – what helps?
A period with a lot of blood loss, which is a long one and causes exhaustion and fatigue – these are signs that the menstrual period is stronger than normal. Almost every 20th woman suffers from heavy menstrual bleeding. We’ll tell you when to talk about heavy bleeding, how to do it, and what to do about it.
A heavy menstrual period is referred to in the jargon as hypermenorrhoea. Especially at the beginning of the period many women lose a lot of blood, which is not unusual. An exceptionally strong period can be recognized by the following criteria:
- They regularly lose more than 80 ml of blood during menstruation.
- Bandages or tampons need to be changed regularly after one to two hours.
- Your period lasts longer than seven days.
- You are weak, tired and impotent during your menses.
- You will find many thick blood clots in the blood.
With the blood, a woman loses iron during menstruation. Iron is needed for oxygen transport and blood formation. Iron deficiency therefore causes weakness and fatigue. Symptoms include cold hands and feet, pale skin, headaches and dizziness.
In most cases, the causes of a strong period are harmless. Only a few girls have a very high level of bleeding right from the start. In most women, the menstrual period becomes stronger at a later stage, for example, after birth or menopause. Hormonal changes play a role here.
A strong menstrual period also develops when the uterus can no longer contract properly. This is the most common cause of a strong period. The bleeding serves to flush out the mucous membrane inside the uterus. Contracting helps to loosen the mucous membrane. The less the uterus contracts, the more blood is needed to loosen the mucous membrane. Benign tumors such as fibroids and mucous polyps may affect the contractility of the uterus. Adhesions or inflammation in the uterus can also increase the period.
Some medications can cause a heavy menstrual period. This information can be found in the instruction leaflet. In rare cases, a strong period is caused by medical problems. These can be blood clotting disorders, as well as heart, kidney, liver or thyroid disease.
Often no treatment is necessary in a strong period. However, if you have very heavy bleeding with severe symptoms, medical treatment is advisable. The most common treatments are medications, hormonal contraceptives and surgery.
If the menstrual period is associated with cramping or pain, painkillers from the group of non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) have proven to be effective. These include ibuprofen and diclofenac. However, stomach pains, headaches and drowsiness are common side effects of these medications. Tranexamic acid also helps with heavy bleeding. However, headache, fatigue and muscle spasms can occur when taking tranexamic acid.
birth control pills
The contraceptive pill, also called pill, is widely used as a hormonal contraceptive. Women with heavy menstrual bleeding usually use the mini-pill, because by taking them the menstrual period is much weaker and sometimes completely absent. It contains the hormone progestin and is taken throughout the cycle. Side effects of birth control pills can be water retention and breast tenderness.
The hormone spiral is inserted into the uterus, where it remains for up to five years. It prevents pregnancy by continuously giving off progestin. The spiral reduces blood loss and discomfort during menstruation.
Surgical removal of fibroids and polyps or the lining of the uterus can reduce menstrual bleeding. In severe cases, when other treatment methods are unsuccessful, uterine removal may be an option. However, this is a serious procedure and pregnancy is no longer possible after removal of the uterus.
As already mentioned, a medical treatment is usually not necessary for a heavy menstrual period. However, a doctor should rule out that a serious condition causes the heavy bleeding. If a disease is ruled out, there are some home remedies that can alleviate the symptoms:
- Cold compresses: Cold has a vasoconstricting effect, helping to reduce blood flow. Cold compresses can relieve pain, but in some women they are exacerbated by cold. Wrap ice cubes in a thin towel and cool your lower abdomen for 15 to 20 minutes.
- Herbal teas: Herbal teas have a calming effect, helping to relax the uterine muscles and relieve cramping. Chamomile, sage, peppermint, thyme and fennel tea are particularly effective. Cinnamon: Cinnamon has a high manganese content, which has a soothing effect on premenstrual syndrome (PMS) and helps to reduce bleeding. Simply boil a teaspoon of cinnamon powder with a cup of water and simmer for a few minutes.
- Red raspberry leaves: The tannins in red raspberry leaves strengthen the uterine muscles, which reduces heavy menstrual bleeding and abdominal pain.
- Magnesium: Magnesium is important for the function of the muscles. It relaxes the muscles and helps to relieve the symptoms of menstruation. Cocoa, nuts and seeds as well as avocados contain a lot of magnesium.
- Iron: To balance the iron loss associated with blood loss, it is important to consume more iron. Dark leafy vegetables, beetroot, legumes and egg yolks contain a lot of iron. If there is anemia or anemia, iron tablets should be taken.
- Coriander seeds: Coriander seeds balance the hormone balance, which supports the function of the uterus. This in turn helps to reduce heavy menstrual bleeding. Boil one teaspoon of coriander seeds with two cups of water until the volume has reduced by half.
- Apple cider vinegar: Apple cider vinegar helps to balance hormones and flush out toxins. This relieves cramps and headaches, and fatigue subsides. Mix one to two teaspoons of apple cider vinegar with a glass of water and drink. Apple cider vinegar is also good as a salad dressing with oil.
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