If you want to study dentistry, you are dealing with the field of dentistry, oral and maxillofacial medicine. In the study of dentistry you will learn different clinical pictures in mouth– and jaw know how periodontitis, periodontitis or malposition of the dentition. The aim of the course is to prevent these diseases, to recognize them and to treat them. Studying dentistry is a prerequisite for practicing the profession of dentist and specialist in oral, maxillofacial and facial surgery.
What course content await me?
Studying dentistry conveys complex knowledge from the field of natural sciences. Just like medical students, you acquire in the first stage of the course, preclinical called basic knowledge and skills to understand the human body. So that you can help people in your later job, you have to be able to explain the processes in the body, for example where a pain comes from. You will learn this in the following subjects:
In the so-called phantom courses, you treat a phantom patient from the first semester. That means you have a plastic head with a rubber mask in front of you and you can carry out your first dental treatments on it. In addition, each university offers additional subjects. For example, psychology, sociology or neurophysiology.
In the second stage, the clinical Part, you deepen your knowledge and learn even more practice-oriented. First of all, you will continue to practice on phantom patients, in the higher semesters you will also treat patients yourself under the supervision of experienced dentists. You also expand your knowledge in these areas:
Throughout the dentistry program, theory and practice go hand in hand. From the first semester on, you will practice your manual skills. Because in addition to a great deal of theoretical knowledge, you as a dentist must have manual skills so that you can apply the knowledge you have learned.
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Process and conclusion
Studying dentistry usually lasts 10 semesters, of which 5 semesters preclinical and 5 semesters clinic. There is also a semester in which you take your state examination. If you want to study dentistry, you can only start this course in the winter semester and have to expect a very high workload. The average is 35 hours a week, which you spend with lectures in the morning and practical exercises in the afternoon.
The dentistry course is structured as follows: In the first two semesters you lecture in lectures on the material that you use in exercises. After the second semester, your first state examination is pending: That Vorphysikum, an oral preliminary examination that examines the material from physics, biology and chemistry. After the fifth semester you do that Physikum from. This is your second state exam. In it you go through oral exams in all subjects of the last 3 semesters and a practical week in which you demonstrate your technical skills.
At the end of the clinic you do that state examination. This exam takes several months and includes practical weeks and a variety of oral exams. As soon as this hurdle is cleared, you can obtain a license to practice as a dentist. If you are aiming for a doctoral degree, you should with yours dissertation start already during your studies. After completing your doctorate, you can med. dent. (medicinae dentariae).
Since the study of dentistry is very practical, there are no classic internships. Dental students rarely use the opportunity to stay abroad, which is mainly due to the different conditions and the structure of dentistry studies abroad.
Which conditions do I have to fullfill?
To be able to study dentistry, you usually need it General or Subject-related university entrance qualification. Access to the study of dentistry is regulated centrally through the Foundation for University Admissions. Since a study place in dentistry is very popular, you need a very good Abitur grade for admission. The minimum grade changes from year to year.
However, the Abitur grade is not the only factor that decides on your admission to study. Heidelberg University, for example, allocates 60 percent of study places after one selection. The so-called test for medical degree programs is an important selection criterion. This is not about technical knowledge, but about whether you can deal with scientific and medical questions. The test tests basic skills, such as memory or spatial imagination.
The University of Hamburg also not only selects applicants based on their school-leaving certificate. Since dentistry mainly consists of craftsmanship and dexterity, there is a so-called Wire bending test. Here you have to prove your manual skills by bending a fine wire according to the specifications.
The course is right for me?
You should be able to motivate yourself well if you want to study dentistry, because the study is very demanding. Most dental students are driven by the will to help people. With that social skills connected. For example, if a patient is afraid of dental treatment, you need to know how to calm him down. In addition, as a dentist, you are very close to the patient during treatment and come into contact with body fluids. So if you prefer to keep your distance, you should look for another, less practice-related subject.
In addition, the dental profession is a craft profession. Because everything that you learn in theory, you must be able to apply to the patient. If you have two left hands, you’d better keep your hands off dentistry. Another important point is that studying costs a lot. Depending on the university, you have to buy the material you need to make impressions or model a crown in wax. It quickly comes to several thousand euros. You need some materials in the first semester, so you should financial aspect Think carefully before starting your studies.
Some subjects can help you to understand the subject of studying dentistry at school. This includes first of all biology and chemistry. The two disciplines form the core of the dentistry course. You should be fit in school in these areas, because most universities require basic knowledge in biology and chemistry. Also an understanding of physical Problems make your studies much easier, just like expertise in application-related mathematics and statistical survey methods. Since the specialist literature in dentistry mostly in English you should master the spoken and written language. At the same time, it is helpful if you have knowledge of Latin verfügst. This makes it easier for you to penetrate the specialist terminology of dentistry.
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