Teeth bleaching or whitening at the dentist

Teeth whitening – teeth whitening with different types of dental treatment

Teeth whitening (Teeth whitening) with hydrogen peroxide (H2o2) is one way of restoring the teeth’s natural teeth whiteness. Because over the years most people’s teeth become discolored if they consume a lot of coffee, tea or cigarettes. Although professional teeth cleaning removes deposits, the tooth discoloration is not completely eliminated in this way.

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Whitening at the dentist in Berlin | Dr. stein

What is teeth whitening?

Teeth whitening, also called tooth whitening, is used to whiten teeth for a radiant smile that is well-groomed and appealing. White and healthy teeth increase self-confidence and help to feel in the body.

In the case of teeth whitening, a bleaching agent is applied to the teeth to correct unwanted discoloration.

Why teeth whiten by bleaching?

It is not uncommon for teeth to be naturally yellow in color. In old age, the darker dentine becomes more visible through the enamel, which makes the teeth appear even more discolored.

Excessive consumption of sugary and acidic foods, as well as coffee and tobacco with inadequate oral hygiene, can promote discoloration. In these cases, for purely aesthetic reasons, it is possible to whiten the teeth by steps (tooth whitening).

How does cosmetic home teeth whitening work??

Teeth bleaching is not only possible professionally through the dentist. Teeth whitening can also be done at home. Products with ten percent hydrogen peroxide (H2o2) are available on the market that bleach the teeth slightly. At home, however, it may only be carried out at the prescribed intervals because the teeth become porous due to the hydrogen peroxide (H2o2) if they are used too frequently. They are less stable, which can only be partially compensated for by daily dental care.

When teeth are whitened at home, a gel enriched with hydrogen peroxide is spread over the teeth on the tooth surfaces. The splints ensure that the active ingredient hydrogen peroxide remains on the teeth for the duration of the treatment. An alternative method provides that the patient sticks foils on the teeth with a bleaching agent such as hydrogen peroxide.

Often, the hydrogen peroxide does not reach all areas of the tooth surfaces, which means that the tooth edges keep their original color. Dentists recommend professional teeth whitening to avoid damage to teeth and gums, as well as dark or uneven results due to uneven exposure to hydrogen peroxide.

Can I naturally whiten teeth or remove discoloration??

The most natural way to whiter teeth is careful oral hygiene and regular professional tooth cleaning, which also benefits tooth and gum health. Because deposits and discoloration also affect the tooth shade. Refrain from using recommended home remedies such as lemon juice, strawberries, baking powder or other tips.

Home remedies such as baking soda are able to whiten teeth in the first step. However, they damage the enamel and roughen the surface. As a result, color particles from food and beverages adhere more easily and lead to discoloration of the tooth enamel. And bacteria also find a better hold.

What does professional teeth whitening bring to the dentist in Berlin??

It is advisable to go for a treatment at the dentist who will professionally bleach your teeth. Concentrated hydrogen peroxide is used as a bleaching gel in tooth whitening, which effectively combats tooth discoloration. The dentist will use a comprehensive diagnosis to determine which method is the most successful and is gentle on the tooth substance. With the conventional methods that the patient can use at home, the same result cannot usually be achieved. Improper use can result in damage to sensitive teeth.

The desired degree of brightening is of particular importance. Together with his patient, the dentist will determine how many shades the natural tooth shade should be lightened. When using a bleaching gel, this tooth shade is achieved step by step, the doctor can check the success of the teeth bleaching with every treatment. In this way, an unnatural whiteness of the teeth can be avoided, which later appears artificial and put on.

Teeth whitening – when should not be whitened?

Most patients are not at significant risk of teeth whitening and tolerate it well. The dentist advises some people not to bleach their teeth.

  • Carious teeth, for example, allow the bleach to penetrate deeper into the tooth surface and further damage it, which leads to inflammation and pain if the tooth nerve is irritated. Sometimes the tooth threatens to die, which can lead to the loss of the tooth.
  • Dental fillings as well as tooth crowns, ceramic inlays and prostheses cannot be bleached, so the resulting uneven stains can look unattractive.
  • It is also not advisable to bleach the teeth shortly after implantation or tooth extraction (tooth extraction), as the bleaching agent can impair wound healing.
  • There is currently still disagreement among experts as to whether it is advisable to carry out bleaching after treatment for periodontitis.
  • As a precautionary measure, pregnant women should refrain from whitening their teeth because any effects of the bleach on the embryo or fetus have not yet been sufficiently clarified.

In any case, prior to any whitening, an examination of the dentition and an advisory consultation is mandatory. The dentist and patient clarify whether and to what extent the teeth can be whitened.

How does the teeth whitening (tooth whitening) work at the dentist??

For professional whitening, teeth are treated from the outside with a hydrogen peroxide bleaching gel. The gums are protected with a rubber dam to protect them from the whitening effect. This regenerates quickly. In combination with a UV lamp, the bleaching gel gently brightens the teeth, whereby the enamel is not attacked. After teeth whitening with hydrogen peroxide, the teeth are then fluoridated so that they are well-armed for subsequent acid attacks. Dental care at home complements the measures – the main priority here should be fluoride toothpastes.

What needs to be considered before whitening or whitening?

The dentist will usually carry out professional teeth cleaning before he starts whitening his teeth. Fixed deposits and bacteria are removed thoroughly. Using a shade scale, the dentist then measures the current tooth shade and checks whether the teeth are vital.

Because dead teeth do not react to external bleaching. The consequence of tooth whitening is that only the healthy teeth become lighter, which results in unsightly color differences between healthy and non-vital, darker teeth. It must be ensured that tooth staining is not the result of an illness requiring treatment.

Which questions should be clarified before whitening (tooth whitening)?

  • Is the tooth structure healthy??
  • Are inlays or crowns used that could take on an unexpected shade during bleaching?
  • Is dentures available in another form?
  • If there is a dead tooth, the root of which has died and which is slowly turning gray?
  • If the row of teeth is sensitive or the patient is afraid of teeth whitening?
  • Is it a smoker or is coffee, tea and wine consumed in large quantities?

The answers provide the correct diagnosis for teeth bleaching in the dental practice. If tooth decay is present, it must first be treated before bleaching can be carried out.

How does teeth whitening work with a bleach??

After performing the professional tooth cleaning and determining the exact tooth shade, a dental technician uses an impression to produce one matching Tooth splint for the upper and lower jaw. A bleaching gel such as e.g. Hydrogen peroxide or carbamide peroxide is poured into the splint, after which the splint is placed on the teeth. The hydrogen contained in the agent then reacts with the molecules in the tooth enamel, which cause the staining.

The tooth surface thus changed reflects more incident light than before, which makes the teeth appear whiter. After such treatment, the color comparison scheme shows how many steps the teeth appear lighter. Power bleaching, also called in-office bleaching, uses the effect of the Perox />In the case of bleaching that is applied overnight, the dental splint must be worn during the night. Alternatively, you can use a gel a day, the splint is then worn for just under an hour. During this time, the bleach acts on the tooth structure, dark spots are lightened and removed step by step. The tooth enamel can become a little more sensitive after such teeth whitening, the individual tooth can react a little more strongly to heat or cold (sensitive teeth). Such reactions should quickly subside after bleaching with a gel when using both the day and night variants.

Bleaching with gel usually has to be used several times in succession in order to achieve permanently visible results. Treatment over several weeks is gentle on the patient because the tooth structure can recover in the meantime. However, success with gradual whitening is easy to control for the patient and the bleaching method with gel is considerably cheaper than the method of laser application for tooth whitening.

Which bleaching agents are used by the dentist for whitening?

bright White teeth You will therefore receive two procedures in our dental practice: Reduction bleaching and oxidation bleaching are different methods of eliminating discoloration and bleaching your teeth. Each of these treatments requires a clean and healthy tooth and the gums must also be intact if we are to bleach your white teeth.

Reduction bleaching when teeth are whitened

Reduction bleaching works with sulfur compounds that draw oxygen from the tooth enamel. This process is not as sustainable as oxidation bleaching because the tooth enamel quickly combines with the oxygen in the air and the darker color soon increases again.

Oxidation bleaching when teeth are whitened

Oxidation bleaching uses a combination of different chlorine compounds and hydrogen peroxide. The dyes of the discoloration are permanently destroyed.

What to do with teeth that are no longer vital?

After the root canal treatment, the de facto dead teeth often appear dark. The dentist can optically whiten these teeth by opening the tooth to apply a bleaching agent (internal whitening). If necessary, light can also accelerate this process. In addition, bleaching can also be used from the outside.

How does tooth whitening work with the laser beam?

The doctor effectively teeth whitening with a laser. A tooth whitening substance is applied to the teeth, the gums are carefully covered. Now the tooth substance is irradiated with a laser for several minutes. This removes and removes discolorations in the tooth. Such bleaching usually leads to an immediate effect, because after just under an hour the treatment is over and the teeth are whitened.

Teeth whitening with this shape is impressive because of the quickly visible success, but the costs for this professional teeth whitening are relatively high. Due to the costs incurred, which the patient has to pay out of his own pocket, some doctors have recently decided not to continue offering this procedure. But there are other ways to achieve aesthetically pleasing teeth through tooth whitening.

How can teeth be protected during whitening??

The conclusion of the company "Whiten teeth" forms a treatment with fluorides. You cannot afford this important aftercare at home, even if you are reasonably satisfied with treatment by other means. Every single tooth is treated with fluorides because the enamel has to be hardened after bleaching.

Basically, treating teeth bleaching is not a painful process. However, for people sensitive to pain, the dentist can numb the surface of the gums and teeth before using the bleach. Some patients also feel the heat radiation from the lamp during power bleaching, although it is low. After whitening, the teeth can react sensitively to temperature differences. The dentist can protect them from this with a tooth varnish, e.g. Gluma, which he applies immediately after whitening.

How bright the teeth become after the whitening treatment?

Doctors believe that teeth whitening by means of laser beam treatment can be achieved by eight to nine shades. This clearly shows the success, the row of teeth appears visibly brighter and nourished. If you have opted for professional whitening, you get long-term teeth whitening through exemplary dental care and by avoiding tobacco and discolouring drinks such as tea or coffee.

How long do teeth stay white after whitening??

If nothing is missing from your teeth, you can enjoy your new white tooth color after a tooth whitening for about two years. In this case, brush with a special toothpaste and pay attention to good oral hygiene. Toothpastes with a whitening effect can prolong the effect after whitening.

What to look out for after tooth whitening?

If you take good care of your teeth after whitening, you will enjoy an aesthetically pleasing result for many months. Regular professional tooth cleaning is the prerequisite for keeping every tooth and tooth enamel permanently healthy. In addition, you can do a complementary teeth whitening at home. A toothpaste with small abrasive particles as a whitening agent is well suited for bleaching if you only want to gently whiten the row of teeth. The result is obtained after tooth cleaning and after bleaching over a longer period of time without damaging the tooth substance by sharp bleaching agents.

In addition, it is important to brush teeth properly and adequately and, on the other hand, to use a good mouthwash to avoid bad breath and protect the throat.

Anyone who has a tooth whitening done should limit the consumption of coffee, tea, nicotine and red wine afterwards. The red lipstick should also be left out to protect the teeth from new stains.

How often can you bleach teeth?

Teeth bleaching can be done correctly every two to three years. If you bleach yourself with over-the-counter tooth whitening agents and are not satisfied with the result, you should wait at least 14 days before trying again because the tooth enamel is softened by the whitening. It takes up to two weeks to fully harden again.

Nevertheless, repeated bleaching within such a short period of time is not recommended. Because in most cases there is no improvement in the form of additional whitening due to the repeated bleaching of the teeth. This is mainly due to the low dosage of the bleach in the freely available agents. Products used by the dentist are much more effective due to a higher dosage.

Cost of tooth whitening

Teeth whitening is a private service of the dentist and is not covered by health insurance. The treatment, however, in combination with good oral hygiene and regular professional tooth cleaning, has been effective for many years. One reason why it is worth investing in professionally bleached teeth.

Depending on the method used in Berlin, the costs range from EUR 180.00 to EUR 400.00. Ideally, professional teeth cleaning should be carried out beforehand.

The cheapest option is bleaching, which is carried out directly in the dentist’s office and in which the active ingredient is activated by the use of laser light. Alternatively, the more expensive home bleaching is available. This form of treatment requires the custom-made manufacture of a dental splint, which results in higher costs.

Depending on the scope of benefits, dental supplementary insurance can cover the costs of teeth bleaching.

Ideally, you should carry out the bleaching in a professional setting. As a trained specialist, only the dentist is able to decide whether a tooth can be bleached or whether the risk of consequential damage is too great. This is especially true for damaged teeth, where bleaching can result in tooth loss under unfavorable circumstances.

A great advantage lies in the use of the preparations by a Dr., which are used in professional bleaching in individual doses and thus show an effective effect with optimal protection of the gums and teeth.

Teeth whitening also for periodontitis?

There is currently disagreement among experts as to whether it is advisable to perform tooth whitening after periodontal treatment.

Would like You more learn about teeth whitening in Berlin?

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Dr. Frank Seidel

Last update of this page on September 17, 2019 by author Dr. Frank Seidel.


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