Toothache: these are the 7 most common causes
They are among the most unpleasant pains: toothache. Almost everyone has ever had to get to know them. The causes can be varied. It is worth taking a closer look: where does the toothache come from and how can the causes be combated?
Toothache: the 7 most common causes
Caries – pain through a hole in the tooth
How does caries develop? Caries is often referred to as a widespread disease and unfortunately already occurs in small children. The reason for tooth decay is insufficient oral hygiene and poor nutrition. Even those who regularly clean can sometimes suffer from tooth decay sooner or later. Often this clinical picture develops between the teeth and is associated with sudden toothache. If the interdental spaces are not cleaned thoroughly, most plaque will stick there. Bacteria are found in these deposits, which convert sugar for energy. During this chemical process, the sugar is converted to an acid, which in turn attacks healthy tooth enamel.
prophylaxis: Brushing your teeth regularly can slow down the process, but it often doesn’t stop completely. For this reason, cleaning the interdental spaces is just as important as cleaning the chewing surfaces and the front and back of the teeth. You also need to know that there are certain foods that are particularly harmful to your teeth. Sugar-rich foods are harmful to tooth enamel if they are consumed extensively and regularly. To protect the enamel, you should preferably use dairy products, meat and vegetables. Confectionery is considered an exception.
Treatment: Depending on how advanced the caries is, the treatment can be extensive. First of all, the infected tooth must be freed from dirt, which arises from food residues. The tooth is then drilled out (caries removal) so that a filling or inlays can be placed.
Inflammation of the tooth root – if the caries is not treated
What is tooth root infection? This is a deep inflammation of the tooth, which is mostly caused by caries. The caries continued into the nerve area of the tooth. As a result, the caries infection can spread further through the dental pulp to the root tip, which anchors the tooth in the jawbone. This usually leads to tooth nerve death and sudden toothache.
symptoms: Such a disease is noticeable through a feeling of pressure and pain on the corresponding tooth.
treatment: Fast action is required to avoid massive damage. First of all, you can relieve this toothache by cooling it. In order to protect the tooth from extraction, the so-called pulp is usually completely removed during root canal treatment, since the tooth can no longer heal on its own. The exposure of the root canal is important in order to completely remove the inflammation of the tooth root. In order to be able to insert a filling in the root, the tooth is usually refurbished and prepared.
Toothache from exposed tooth necks
symptoms: Exposed tooth necks are often the cause of toothache and are most noticeable when eating cold, hot or sweet. There is often talk of teeth that are sensitive to pain, which is referred to as dentin hypersensitivity. A drawing pain flashes through you like lightning. This is due to the decline of the gums, which means that the tooth necks are exposed and thus the fine channels to the tooth nerve. If cold or hot food hits such an exposed channel, the stimulus is passed on immediately and unfiltered and you experience this lightning-like pain.
prophylaxis: The best remedy for teeth sensitive to pain is prevention. With the right cleaning technology, this risk can be minimized.
treatment: During treatment, the teeth are often sealed with a strengthening fluoride varnish. The dentist also applies liquid plastic to the tooth neck, which closes the fine dentinal tubules. Furthermore, it is recommended to use special toothpaste that was specially developed for teeth that are sensitive to pain.
Pain from broken fillings and crowns
symptoms: If the fillings crack or leak, this is as noticeable as if a crown is no longer properly seated. If you therefore go to the control regularly, a filling can possibly be exchanged or replaced in good time. Toothache can also occur immediately after the filling is inserted. However, this pain is harmless and should disappear a few days later.
treatment: If there are problems with fillings or crowns, the dentist will simply replace them. Such problems often also affect children if they have a filling in the milk tooth. Fillings should be checked at regular intervals and replaced if necessary.
Pain due to gingivitis
Where does gum disease come from?? Inflammation of the gums is often accompanied by exposed tooth necks. This is caused by an infection, which is usually triggered by bacteria that stick to the tooth neck and thus irritate the gums. Tartar can also be responsible for such inflammation. If you take bleeding gums lightly, sooner or later you even risk losing healthy teeth. It is not uncommon for inflammation of the gums to lead to periodontitis, a disease of the entire tooth structure that can lead to tooth loss.
symptoms: The inflammation is shown by slight to severe swelling of the gums. In addition, the gums bleed even with light brushing. If you make such observations, have this checked immediately.
treatment: If the cause of toothache is inflammation of the gums (gingivitis), then quick action is required. In order to successfully treat gum disease and get rid of the toothache, professional tooth cleaning and an improvement in oral hygiene at home are usually recommended. In professional teeth cleaning, deep-seated plaque is removed, which cannot be removed by simply brushing your teeth.
Discomfort from a tooth fracture
Where does a tooth fracture come from?? The causes in this case can be a severe fall or a blow to the face, with the affected tooth being injured. A tooth that has broken out half or all must of course be treated quickly and treated accordingly.
Treatment: Which therapy is used depends of course entirely on the fracture. If only the upper area is affected by the tooth, it is reconstructed using fillings. If the fracture is deeper, other measures have to be taken. Such as a root canal treatment and subsequent post placement and post crown.
Painful malalignment of the teeth
How do misalignments arise? Adults suffer from malalignment of the teeth when, for example, the wisdom teeth break through and shift the tooth base that has been in good standing until then. This also leads to quite an unpleasant toothache.
Treatment: A classic dentist can no longer do much at this point. Now an orthodontist is required. This specializes in correcting a crooked tooth position and thus also eliminating toothache.
Other toothache and causes
Many are not even aware that toothache can also be caused by headache or toothache by earache. In this case, however, it is not always clear to a patient where the toothache originated.
There is a connection between the tooth root in the upper jaw and the maxillary sinuses. For some people, toothache can also be caused by sinus infection. Because the direct connection to the maxillary sinuses can lead to a feeling of pain in the upper teeth due to the inflammation there.
Heart attack and shingles
A heart attack manifests itself with different symptoms. There are cases where acute pain can radiate from the heart to the lower jaw. Shingles is based on a viral infection with the so-called herpes zoster viruses. However, the virus rarely occurs on the face and thus also affects the jaw. Toothache that arises due to shingles must of course be included in the treatment.
Toothache and headache
Toothache and headache sometimes occur together. Especially when there are problems with the jaw, this special toothache can be the cause of headache. Sensitive patients often complain of a common occurrence of toothache and headache.
Toothache and earache
There are various causes that can lead to toothache and earache. A severe cold and thus inflammation of the sinuses and ears are often responsible for sudden toothache. Then the pain radiates from the maxillary sinuses to the teeth. Toothache and earache also occur together when people grind their teeth under stress or during the night. Ultimately, the cramping of the jaw muscles leads to ear pain.
Tension, stress and depression can also lead to mouth pain. The dentist is often rather powerless with these causes. If the stress hits teeth in sensitive people, a visit to a psychiatrist is a better choice. A dentist can only treat grinding of teeth. A so-called bite guard prevents teeth from grinding at night and thus abrasion from healthy tooth enamel.
What helps against toothache?
Toothache should always be treated quickly and promptly by a dentist. Delays that are too long can prevent a tooth from being saved.
Short-term help against toothache: what to do?
Until an appointment with the dentist is available, short-term treatments at home can help with toothache.
Painkiller: First, a simple pain reliever for toothache should provide some relief. If you choose tablets for toothache, you should always ask a dentist for advice. Especially in the case of hypersensitivity to medication, this should never be done without prior clarification.
Cool: Cooling is at the top of the leaderboard for home remedies for toothache. To prevent the skin from freezing, the cooling pad should be wrapped in a cotton cloth if possible.
sage: A sage tea helps to prevent inflammation in the mouth and can be drunk two to three times a day.
Dental emergency service: If you have toothache at night, on weekends, or on public holidays and home remedies don’t help, you can still go to a dental emergency service. There are dentists in all major cities who agree to treat patients in emergencies even outside of office hours.
Toothache: prevention with simple means
In most cases, the causes of toothache are poor or improper oral hygiene. However, you can prevent this wonderfully.
Dental care at home
Brushing your teeth twice a day should be a matter of course. The use of dental floss or even the smallest intermediate tooth cleaner is also a daily must. The choice of the right toothpaste rounds off the daily program.
Visit the dentist twice a year
Even if there is no toothache, the dentist should be visited once or twice a year. Prophylaxis gives healthy teeth more strength and resilience. Treatments, such as cleaning teeth and removing tartar, make a major contribution to good oral hygiene.
Nicotine and sugar are toxic to the teeth
Toothache can also be prevented by paying attention to a balanced and healthy diet. Consciously avoiding sugar is not always that easy, because in many foods there is sugar where nobody really expects it. Smokers will not be happy to hear that cigarette consumption damages teeth and gums. If you quit smoking, you reduce the risk of serious tooth damage.
Conclusion: prevention is the best medicine
Toothache is definitely one of the most unpleasant pains. However, anyone who practices good oral hygiene and also visits the dentist regularly has nothing to fear. Should a toothache occur anyway, then there are medications for the first emergency that alleviate the first tooth pain. In addition, the toothache can be alleviated somewhat by cooling. A satisfactory treatment of toothache can only be done if the causes are clear. Therefore, do not wait too long, but make an appointment with your dentist in good time.
Toothache – causes and treatment at a glance
Immediate help for toothache What can I do about toothache and how can I alleviate it?? Toothache usually occurs when you need it the least: just before…
Toothache – causes and treatment
toothache Home technical issues diseases toothache For toothache is usually one damaged or sick tooth responsible. In rare cases, however, can also…
Gzfa – toothache: causes and treatment
Toothache: causes and treatment What causes toothache? How are they treated?? How toothache arises? If you can bite heartily without being impaired, your…
Toothache when chewing introduction Toothache is one of them most uncomfortable pain , that can make everyday life very difficult. They usually appear…