What is a bridge and how does it work?

What is a bridge and how does it work??

A bridge is a fixed denture and is made to fill a tooth gap. Without a bridge, the neighboring teeth will migrate, which can have further health and aesthetic consequences. An inconspicuous gap in the molar region may lead to gaps in the visible area due to migration of the anterior teeth. But how exactly does a bridge work? Which material is suitable? How expensive is this denture and what advantages and disadvantages does it have?

Bridge = two pillars, a link

Similar to a bridge that crosses a river and connects two banks, the bridge also works in dental technology. The bridge connects one or more missing teeth. It depends on so-called “abutment teeth” on which the bridge is attached. Abutment teeth are existing teeth that are abraded and crowned. On the crowns in turn, the bridge member is attached, which connects the abutment teeth. Thus, the tooth gap is closed by means of a floating artificial tooth. For many gaps in the teeth to be bridged, more pillars are needed – a bridge across the whole jaw requires about 6-7 pillars. If there are not enough abutment teeth, a bridge can be combined with implants.


In the past, when bridges were made exclusively of gold or similar alloys, the framework today is often made of zirconium and the veneer – that is, what you see – is made of ceramic. In the meantime, bridges can be continuously adapted to the dental optics.


The costs vary depending on the span and material requirements.

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Careful dental care is very important. Otherwise, there is a risk that the supporting abutment teeth or the gums will be affected and thus the bridge. Using special brushes, brushes or dental floss, the space between the bridge and the gums can be cleaned. A check by the dentist every 6 months is unconditionally recommended.

Advantages and disadvantages

A bridge is an easy way to close gaps. Under normal stress and careful care, it will last a long, 20 years and longer. The fact that the bridge is a solid denture, she feels very real and prepares for chewing and speaking no problems. Optically, you can hardly or not at all distinguish them from the rest of the bit. For a bridge, however, the abutment teeth must be ground, which causes tooth substance to be lost. In healthy teeth, it should be weighed whether the use of an implant offers, because here you do not need abutment teeth. However, if the abutment teeth have fillings or caries, it makes sense to make a bridge and permanently protect the teeth with crowns for the bridge.

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