Wisdom Teeth: When an OP is necessary
Many patients are advised by the dentist or orthodontist to remove the wisdom teeth. But why? And what are the so-called wisdom teeth exactly? Are pain to be expected after the procedure? Find out everything you need to know about wisdom teeth and surgery here.
What are the wisdom teeth?
Wisdom teeth are the last teeth that get through in humans. They usually break through at the age of 18-25 years in the oral cavity, as the last molars. The term comes from the “high” age in which they break through. Normally, every human has four wisdom teeth that are created before birth. However, some people do not have all four or even no wisdom teeth.
The teeth do not necessarily have to be removed. Often, however, they have no room in the jaw to get through. That’s because our jaws are getting smaller in human development. How many wisdom teeth you have and whether they have room to break through, the dentist can determine by a review x-ray.
When do the wisdom teeth have to get out??
Wisdom tooth OP in case of lack of space
Wisdom teeth often have not only too little space, they are sometimes also laterally or obliquely and can not grow normally. So it may be that they press against the already existing teeth and damage them. Also, for orthodontic reasons, a wisdom teeth OP may be advised if the newly breaking wisdom teeth jeopardize the success of treatment.
Wisdom tooth OP at risk of inflammation
Often the wisdom teeth can only come through half and are still covered by some mucous membrane. Below are many bacteria that cause permanent subliminal inflammation. This is not only stress for the immune system, it can also lead to acute inflammation, which is accompanied by severe pain and swelling. If there is such a permanent inflammation, wisdom teeth should be removed.
Wisdom tooth surgery for caries
Wisdom teeth can be cleaned badly, even if they have come through completely. Since they are so far back in the mouth, they are insufficient to clean with the toothbrush. Therefore, they are very often affected by strong caries, which also speaks for a distance.
Which doctors carry out a removal?
Wisdom teeth can help you Oral surgeons, oral and maxillofacial surgeons or dentists have it removed. Find a doctor who already has experience in the removal and can respond quickly and adequately should the procedure take an unforeseen course.
Different ways to draw the wisdom teeth
Whether the wisdom teeth are removed as an outpatient in a relatively short procedure or surgically removed in a slightly longer operation depends on whether they have already outgrown properly or are still hidden in the jaw.
It is also possible, either having all four wisdom teeth removed during a procedure, or first removing only the teeth on one side and a few weeks later the teeth on the other side.
Both aspects determine how severe your pain is after removing the wisdom teeth.
First option: Short procedure with local anesthesia
If your wisdom teeth are already largely or completely broken, they can usually be pulled very quickly and easily. The dentist, oral surgeon or maxillofacial surgeon places a local anesthetic with a syringe. Only when you feel no pain, the teeth are pulled with a pair of pliers.
Second option: Longer operation with local anesthesia
If the wisdom teeth are still hidden in the jaw or very oblique, the intervention is more complex and is performed by an oral or maxillofacial surgeon. As a rule, the procedure also takes place under local anesthesia. As mucous membrane and bone have to be removed here in order to reach the wisdom teeth, this type of intervention is more likely to result in slight pain or swelling afterwards.
Third option: worm out wisdom teeth under general anesthesia
In rare cases, the surgeon recommends a general anesthetic, usually only if the procedure is unusually complex. Even anxious patients, who fear severe pain, sometimes opt for a general anesthetic.
Course of a wisdom tooth OP
- The dentist or surgeon puts one local anesthesia with a syringe
- The gums will be replaced by one Cut open and detached from the bone
- The tooth is pulled in one piece or gradually split and taken out
- Once all the teeth are completely removed, the Sewn up wounds
- 7 to 10 days after the procedure will be the Pulled strings
Which pain is to be expected after the wisdom teeth OP?
Some patients have pain after the procedure, others do not. Swelling of the cheek is also possible. The likelihood of pain depends greatly on the size of the procedure.
If you feel more pain after the procedure, it is advisable to take painkillers. But attention: If you want to take painkillers, you should first ask your dentist or surgeon for the right medicine, as the active ingredient of aspirin, for example, increases the risk of rebleeding.
How do you behave after the operation??
The cost of removing the wisdom teeth
If the intervention is absolutely necessary, the costs of the surgery will be covered by your statutory health insurance.
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