Tooth preservation: what to do against tooth loss?
Teeth do not heal and the periodontium can regenerate only conditionally. That is why it is important to properly care for one‘s own teeth and gums in order to avoid illness. But what if a tooth still falls ill or the periodontium is attacked? Here you will gain insight into the various dental options of tooth preservation to avoid tooth loss.
Tooth preservation – what can you do for your teeth?
Tooth preservation begins with the morning tooth brushing. You should pay attention to a thorough cleaning of all tooth surfaces. Flossing is the only way to reach the interdental spaces and is therefore very important.
A tooth-friendly diet also helps to protect your tooth substance and keep it healthy. Acid foods such as fruit juices, cola and iced tea directly attack the enamel and soften the surface. If you clean up afterwards, you scrub not only pads, but also tooth substance away. But also the frequent consumption of sugar creates an optimal milieu for caries-inducing bacteria. These bacteria are responsible for demineralization and can cause carious defects in the enamel.
To ensure the health of the teeth and oral cavity, a semi-annual check should be performed at the dentist. During this check, the dentist gives tips on how to further improve the dental care and clarifies any possible deficiencies. If something is not right, the dentist recognizes the problem early and intervenes with a treatment before it comes to major damage.
Apart from the check-up, professional teeth cleaning also serves as a further measure of prevention and tooth preservation. This calculus, deposits and discoloration in areas that are inaccessible to the toothbrush, removed and also cared for the gums.
Tooth preservation – what can the dentist do?
Despite good care, it can happen that a tooth is carious, a tooth nerve inflamed or died or the periodontium degenerates. But which measures of tooth preservation exist in order to obtain as much tooth substance and to avoid tooth loss?
Early caries can sometimes be stopped with good care and fluoride. But if the damage is too deep, or the surface of the enamel has broken, the caries should be treated.
The dentist removes the caries and supplies the defect with a filling. A special Substance-sparing material here is the plastic. This makes a good bond with the tooth, since it is “glued” with the enamel, so to speak. Amalgam is no longer used as a filling material because it is “wedged” in the tooth. For this purpose, at the expense of healthy tooth hard tissue, areas are rubbed into the tooth to firmly anchor the amalgam.
Partial crowns and crowns
But what options are there if the defect is too big to supply it with a filling? Depending on how big the defect is and how it is localized, the dentist can choose a partial crown or a partial crown Crown make and restore the stability of the tooth.
A partial crown is usually made of ceramic and corresponds in shape largely to the shape of the present defect. The dentist does not have to remove healthy tooth substance to make room for the partial crown. In contrast to the filling, however, the partial crown is more stable and therefore more durable.
A crown is useful if a large part of the tooth substance is missing. The crown then corresponds in shape again that of the once healthy tooth and encloses the remaining tooth substance, to give her stability again.
Endodontics: the root canal treatment
But not only the enamel or the dentin can fall ill. Inside the tooth, the pulp lies with nerve tissue and blood vessels that feed the tooth. For various reasons, it can happen that the pulp and the tissue located therein ignite.
If the cause of this inflammation is not eliminated, it may cause the death of the tooth nerve. This usually results in increased inflammation and also affects the area around the root, which can cause great pain to the patient.
In order to preserve the diseased tooth nevertheless, the dentist must remove the dead tissue in the course of a root canal treatment. To do this, he drills a small opening in the occlusal surface of the tooth and cleans the pulp with files and rinsing solutions. After most successful therapy, the tooth can be closed again and thus preserved.
Periodontics: the gum treatment
Teeth are firmly anchored in the bone via fibers and are protected by the gums. But when these structures get sick, Not only does the gum gradually recede. The jawbone also breaks down and deep tooth pockets are formed. The tooth loses stability and the oral cavity is colonized by pathogenic bacteria.
In order to stop the degradation of these tissues and to prevent tooth loss by loosening, the dentist performs a periodontitis therapy. To obtain an overview of the condition of the jawbone and the teeth, X-rays are first taken for this purpose. Afterwards, a tooth cleaning is performed to remove superficial deposits and to reduce the bacterial load in the oral cavity. If the teeth cleaning should not have led to the complete healing, then the cleaning of the tooth pockets, the actual periodontitis therapy, takes place afterwards. The dentist or specialist in periodontology removes bacterial deposits from the root surfaces.
After the therapy, the gums can now attach firmly to the tooth and the degradation of the bone is stopped. However, periodontal disease is one of the chronic diseases and is therefore not completely curable, but only for a certain period of time to stop. In order to ensure the success of periodontitis therapy, regular checks and tooth cleansing will follow.
Tooth preservation: Prevention is important
Nothing is as good as your own healthy tooth. The artificial dentures perform very good services, but is often inferior to the natural dentition. Therefore, preventive measures to maintain dental health are very important. If there is still a disease, the dentist has some treatment options available to preserve the natural teeth. A speedy treatment improves the prospects of success and a detailed consultation with the dentist allows the selection of the appropriate treatment.
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