Children ‘s World Journey – Mali – Animals & Plants

Children 's World Journey - Mali - Animals & Plants


On the road to Timbuktu grow acacias, which come here with the drought well. [© Annabel Symington / CC BY-2.0]

Mali’s nature

Mali’s entire north is in the Sahara, ie in the desert. The dryness of this area has adapted to the few animals and plants that can survive here at all. It is also dry and hot in the Sahel zone. The desert has spread south in recent decades. There is a greater variety in the very south of the country.

Which animals live in Mali?

The mane-jumper lives in the north of Mali. He eats grasses and leaves of desert plants. [© Wikimedia, in the public domain]
Uromastyx is an iguana that lives in Mali. [© Bjoertvedt / CC BY-SA 4.0]

Through hunting, deforestation and overgrazing, many mammals in Mali have become extinct. Of the large mammal species of Africa, there is only one giraffes and hippos as well as some elephants, and they too are endangered. More common are, for example, baboons, meerkats and mane-knights. In the southwest of Mali, there are still chimpanzees.

reptiles There are, however, in many ways. They include the Waran to the north and south, the Puffotter, the Felsenpython and the African Speikobra in the very south. Uromastyx is one of the iguanas.

Also birds come in many species, such as weaver birds and guinea fowl, band finches and the purple Turako. In winter, many migratory birds from Europe come to the Niger. Like the Nubian Bunch, the ostrich is one of the endangered species in Mali. At the Niger, the Mali-Amarant, a finch, likes to stay.

fishes live in the rivers, such as Niger and Senegal. The Nile perch likes to be caught.

Relax in the Sahel zone termites the ground up. They are thus useful insects. In contrast, the locust swarms are feared. The desert locust can destroy whole crops.

This is what the toothbrush tree looks like. [© J. M.Garg / CC BY-SA 4.0]
Baobab Tree in the southwest of Mali [© Wikimedia, gemeinfrei]

What is growing in Mali?

Only a few plants grow in the desert in the north: some grasses and in wadis still acacias sometimes. There are a few more acacias in the northern Sahel. Here grows too Leptadenia pyrotechnica, a shrub. Also the Salvadora persica May occur. This is not a joke, that really means so. It is traditionally used for dental care: buds, roots and twigs are chewed until they fray and look a bit like a toothbrush. With that you clean your teeth.

Acacia and grasses are also growing in the Dornbaum savannah, as well as desert dunes. A typical landscape is here Tiger skin Busch: Bushes and trees alternate with land on which almost does not grow. This looks spotted or striped like a tiger.

The south of Mali is overgrown with dry forests. In the dry season they throw off their leaves, in the rainy season they turn green. Here grow the Kapokbaum, the Karitébaum, the baobab and the Anabaum. Where it is not so humid, grasses occur, for example Hyparrhenia– and Andropogon-species.

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Christina Cherry
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