Everyone uses raw materials and energy, produces waste and exhaust gases. One imagines that every person leaves a so-called "ecological footprint" on the earth. You can even calculate this. Do you know how big your footprint is?
Ecology is an area of science that examines the relationship between living things and environment researched and explained. The impact of four different areas is incorporated into the calculation of a person’s ecological footprint: live & Energy, consumption & Leisure, nutrition and traffic & mobility. The ecological footprint represents the area that is needed to provide all the necessary raw materials and energy.
A person’s ecological footprint shouldn’t be more than 1.8 hectares. However, the average footprint of a German is currently 5.1 hectares! This corresponds almost to the base of the largest pyramid in Egypt and is of course much too large. If all people in the world had an equally large footprint, we would need about 2.6 earths.
How is the ecological footprint calculated??
live & Energy: It looks at what kind of house or apartment you live in. So how many square meters do you have available? How many people do you live with? together? It’s also about what type of electricity you use and whether your home uses energy saving lamps or not. How often and for how long you use electronic devices and whether you make the right devices or only put them on standby has an impact on your ecological footprint. Your shower time is also included. The living area & Energy takes up about 25 percent (a quarter) of a German’s ecological footprint.
consumption & Leisure: This area calculates, for example, how much money you spend on leisure activities, sweets, hygiene items or furniture. It also looks at how often you go shopping and whether you then buy second-hand clothes or just new ones. It’s also about whether or not you use eco paper, how much garbage you produce, and whether you separate that garbage. The area of consumption & Leisure time accounts for around 18 percent of the average ecological footprint of Germany.
Nutrition: Here you can see what you usually eat and drink – for example, know how often you eat meat or fish and whether you prefer to drink tap water or exotic juices. It also counts where your food comes from. Do they come from your region, your country, the EU or another continent? Whether you buy fresh, frozen or canned food also has an impact. The area of nutrition forms at 35 percent most of the average ecological footprint of people in Germany.
traffic & Mobility: In this area, it counts how many kilometers per week you drive by car, bus or bicycle. How far away the last travel destination was and how you got there also has an impact on the size of your own ecological footprint. On average, the area does traffic & Mobility accounts for about 22 percent of Germans’ ecological footprint.
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