Bad urine odor, causes, symptoms and therapy

Bad urine smell can have a harmless cause, but if it persists for several days, it can be an indication of an important illness.

If urine has a bad or ammonia smell, one is Urinalysis required to determine the cause.

Usually urine is odorless and has a white to light yellow color.

Urine mainly consists of:

  • Excess water
  • Waste products filtered in the blood.

If the concentration of waste products becomes too high, the urine may smell bad.

Causes strong urine odor in women

In women, a strong and pungent urine smell can be caused by some of the diseases listed below:

Urinary Tract Infection

A bacterial infection can affect almost all areas of the urinary tract, however bladder and urethra are the most commonly affected organs.

A inflammation the bladder becomes cystitis called.

Urinary tract infection is more common in women because:

  • The urethra is shorter, making it easier for bacteria to get into the vagina,
  • The outer urethral opening is closer to the anus. The bacteria in the stool can get into the urethra when cleaning after defecation.
  • Burning feeling when urinating,
  • excrete cloudy urine, that gives off a strong, unpleasant smell.

If the infection worsens and rises to the kidneys, this can cause:


Women who notice a bad urine smell when urinating may have one vaginitis suffer (inflammation of the vaginal walls).

Vaginitis is usually the result of an infection:

  • Through bacteria
  • Through mushrooms (yeasts).

With vaginitis, going to the toilet is extremely uncomfortable because the woman has to endure a bad urine smell.

Symptoms: besides the bad urine smell and the vaginal discharge the women affected suffer from:

  • vaginal itching,
  • Painful urination.
  • Vaginal pain during sexual intercourse.


After menopause the level of estrogen decreases. A woman is then much more susceptible to urinary tract infections due to the reduced protective vaginal flora.


During pregnancy, the metabolism in the body of one Mrs to, because this must support the growth of the child.

This leads to an increase in the waste products that get into the urine.

In addition, during the pregnancy a bad and strong urine smell on one Urinary tract infection Clues.

Will this symptom of Burning sensation when urinating accompanied, the likelihood of infection is greater.

Causes of malodorous urine in men


In men, malodorous urine often hangs with one prostatitis together, a disease that is typically caused by a Inflammation of the prostate gland is marked.

symptoms: Patients often experience pelvic complaints, followed by pain during micturition.

In acute bacterial prostatitis, the symptoms are serious and the patient can suffer from:

  • Relapses of fever,
  • Violent urge to urinate,
  • Weak stream of urine.

With the acute form of prostatitis, one often observes a violent and frequent urge to urinate.

prostate tumor

On prostate tumor is another cause of malodorous urine because it prevents the urinary bladder from completely emptying and there is a certain amount of residual urine in the organ.

Protein diet

Ammonia is a nitrogen compound. Thus, a high protein diet can cause an ammonia smell of urine.

Strong smell of male or female urine

Kidney stones

The presence of kidney stones may cause the urine to change:

  • It is tarnished,
  • It smells bad.

Mineral salts and other crystalline deposits form in the kidneys due to changes in the composition of the urine.

If the percentage of calcium and oxalate in the urine increases above a certain level, crystals begin to form.

The crystalline material separates from the urine, remains in the kidneys and, after a certain time, forms kidney stones.

symptoms: In addition to the bad smell, there is a change in the color of the urine, but it is much more noticeable that the person concerned feels pain:

  • In the lower part of the back,
  • In the strip.

Most often you suffer from painful symptoms when the kidney stone moves out of the kidney or gets stuck in the ureter.


If you ingest too little fluid, the urine volume decreases and the urine is highly concentrated.

Those who drink little water experience a clear increase in the smell of urine, they will:

Highly concentrated urine smells of ammonia.

A strong smell of ammonia in the urine is a sign that the person in question is under dehydration suffers.


Drinks such as coffee, which is popular around the world, can change the normal smell of urine, from almost odorless to malodorous.


antibiotics, that are used to treat bacterial infections are known to change the smell of urine.

If you take antibiotics such as Augmentin or Ciprofloxacin-Teva (even for a short time), you will notice a strong smell when you urinate.

Most patients taking antibiotics complain of a sudden and strong change in the smell of urine, which smells like a yeast infection (candida).

Doctors often prescribe because of various diseases Multivitamins.

These integrators can also cause urine odor, especially vitamin B6.

liver disease

Urine that gives off a bad smell can also affect one hepatic insufficiency indicate what means that the liver is no longer able to function effectively.

The liver produces a green-yellowish pigment (bilirubin) and only a small amount of the bilirubin gets into the urine.

However, if the liver is not working properly, too much bilirubin flows into the urine, which leads to a dark amber color.

In addition to the color change, there is a very bad smell during micturition.


Phenylketonuria is a congenital metabolic disorder in which the body loses the ability to break down an amino acid (protein building block) called phenylalanine.

If the metabolism of phenylalanine decreases, the concentration of this amino acid and its derivatives in blood and urine increases.


People who attend diabetes suffer, excrete urine that has an unnatural odor.

The reason for this is that diabetics have one increased blood sugar to have.

This excess sugar often ends up in the urine and gives off a characteristic smell.

Diabetogenic ketoacidosis

If the urine has a fruity or sweet smell, this can be due to diabetogenic ketoacidosis.

An elevated ketone or sugar level can give the urine a sweet or fruity smell.

Bad smell of morning urine

Urine Concentrate: It is normal for the urine to smell strong in the morning. After sleeping through the night, the urine is much more concentrated, has a strong smell and a more intense yellow.

dehydration may increase urine concentration, causing a bad smell.

After a hot summer night, this problem can very easily occur.

Nutrition: If a person has eaten asparagus the evening before, a bad urine smell may appear in the morning.

What are the causes of ammonia odor in the urine

The reasons for this can be:

  1. dehydration. If you drink too little, the urine becomes more concentrated. A person who is dehydrated will always notice an ammonia smell in the urine.
  2. Some food and drinks change the smell of urine, which can become foul smelling. Asparagus is responsible for malodorous urine, onions, garlic and caffeinated drinks.
  3. These changes are harmless and temporary.
  4. An existing one urinary infection can also be a reason for malodorous urine. The infection is caused by the growth of bacteria or viruses in the urinary tract. You may also experience other symptoms such as frequent urination, Burning during micturition, etc..
  5. Ammonia-like or musty urine odor can be a sign of hepatic insufficiency his. People who have impaired liver function can suffer from a number of complications because the liver is no longer able to excrete toxins and breakdown products from the blood. In addition, it can no longer maintain the levels of chemical substances in the body, which in connection with malodorous and dark Urine problems such as yellowing of the skin and eyes (jaundice), stomach pain and swelling may occur.

Causes of ammonia odor in urine in children

If the change in color and smell of the urine is only temporary, then there is no need to worry. However, if this phenomenon occurs regularly, one cannot rule out an illness behind it.


If a child is dehydrated, the urine tends to be more concentrated and has a strong ammonia smell.


The child’s diet plays a role in urine smelling like ammonia. Is she rich in protein, this produces a larger amount of ammonia, which is excreted in the urine.


Urine may smell of ammonia due to some typical pharmaceuticals (especially antibiotics).

Bacterial infection

If there is an increase in the number of bacteria in the digestive tract, a significant amount of ammonia is produced, which is excreted in the urine.

Maple syrup urine disease

This is a genetic condition where the organism has difficulty digesting some amino acids.

This leads to the release of ammonia in the urine and an odor similar to that of burnt sugar.


Children under the age of 16, newborns or infants can join Type 1 diabetes ill, which is also known as juvenile diabetes.

Bad urine smell after asparagus enjoyment

After enjoying asparagus make over forty percent a strange odor of urine.

The reason for this strange urine smell after eating asparagus is the presence of two sulfur-containing ingredients known as:

Methyl mercaptan is one of the many reasons for:

If both ingredients are metabolized in the digestive tract, the result is a bad urine smell.

Another chemical substance that leads to malodorous urine after asparagus is consumed is aspartic acid.

However, studies show that not all detect this smell, but only 30-50% of the population. This depends on some genes in the body.

Symptoms associated with urine odor

Bad urine smell can be the result of a disease. To identify this problem, it is important to look for other symptoms that accompany the malodorous urine.

Symptoms that point to a life-threatening illness

  • Blood in urine
  • Severe abdominal pain
  • apathy
  • Sudden change in behavior

Symptoms that indicate a urinary tract infection

  • stomach pain
  • Urged frequent urination
  • Burning feeling when urinating

Therapy for malodorous urine

Treatment depends on the cause or condition that is causing this symptom.

If the person has diabetes, the diet should be changed.

In the event of an infection, the doctor will prescribe the most suitable antibiotics.

Natural remedies for malodorous urine

Avoid certain foods.

Diabetics who notice a strong urine smell are advised to avoid sweets and carbonated drinks.

» Blueberry juice and garlic can help if the cause is a urinary tract infection.

»You can prepare another effective home remedy by using about two tablespoons cumin seeds boils in four or five liters of water. Drinking this water helps eliminate bad urine odor.

"Similarly, women who have Candida vaginalis can, lean yogurt eat. The bacterium Lactobacillus acidophilus, found in every yogurt, can help control yeast spread and cure this infection.

»Drinking Lemon juice and water can help eliminate bad urine odor.


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Christina Cherry
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