Situation-oriented approach, kindergarten

Kindergartens are no mere shelters for small children, but pedagogical institutions with an adequate support approach. Characteristic of kindergarten education is the fact that the care and support of kindergarten children go hand in hand.

Through the day care center visit, they should get in contact with their peers and also receive the best possible support in their development. In order to achieve these goals, the kindergartens often rely on special concepts. This includes, among other things, the situation-oriented approach, which is particularly based on the impressions and expressions of the children.

Impressions and expression in kindergarten with a situation-oriented approach

The current expression of the child, which is shown among other things in his movements, dreams, games and other behaviors, is considered in the context of the situation-oriented approach as a result of the impressions collected in the past. Simplified yourself Explain a child’s current behavior through their experiences and experiences. The children’s living environments are therefore brought into focus, so that, unlike other educational concepts, the adult’s perspective is of secondary importance. Instead, kindergartens with a situation-oriented approach regularly initiate projects that deal with the topics that are kind of under the nails of the children.

Various parallel projects determine everyday kindergarten life and work on the children’s issues. So it is not so much about achieving any educational goals, but rather about doing justice to the interests of the children and meeting them at eye level.

The basis of the situation-oriented approach

Experienced situations from the present are taken up in the course of the situation-oriented approach, so that the children experience what they have experienced better can process. This should then result in the best possible development, which primarily counteracts the almost permanent overstimulation of the present. The situation-oriented approach demonstrates a high degree of scientific relevance his Basis from the following disciplines:

    Educational Research Attachment Research Brain Research

Overall, the situation-oriented approach is assigned to the humanistic concepts of kindergarten pedagogy because it declares the humanistic world view as the basis. Values ​​such as gratitude and helpfulness also play an important role and are always involved in the practical work according to the situation-oriented approach. Self-education, open-mindedness and social skills are essential foundations and should be actively promoted in order to give the children positive development and the greatest possible zest for life.

Situation-oriented approach and situation approach in comparison

So you should know that the situation-oriented approach, in contrast to the situation approach, has no didactic focus. Instead, the focus is on the children’s impressions, so that dealing with the past is the core of this concept. In contrast, the situation approach is more about preparing the children for the future.

The story of the situation-oriented approach

Although the situation-oriented approach has certain parallels with the situation approach and is not infrequently confused with it, it is an independent pedagogical concept. Its history goes back to the 1980s. In the 1990s, the situation-oriented approach in the field of kindergarten pedagogy became more and more important and was able to establish itself as one of the meanwhile numerous approaches of elementary pedagogy.

Many educators see this not only as a concept from the past, but also as a pioneering approach to the future of kindergarten education. Professionalism, science and the special consideration of the needs of the children are central pillars of the situation-oriented approach, which accordingly has a high future orientation. There is no question that this will continue to develop and will not remain at the level of the 1980s or 1990s.


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Christina Cherry
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