Gifted children: these are signs of giftedness

High talent in children is by no means a blessing. This supposed gift from heaven can quickly become torture for schoolchildren. That is, when their talent is not recognized as such or only at a late stage and instead they are stamped with the learning difficulty. But how can I tell if my child is gifted?? These are the first signs for one Giftedness:

Educators and curricula are based on the golden mean. School classes in which 25 or more children study together cannot help but target their performance requirements to the middle segment. It is not always easy for those who swerve strongly. And equally whether downwards or upwards. According to research, most are “Problem-free” students in an IQ range from 115 to 120 settled.

It is not uncommon for parents to be unsettled when their child seems to be learning differently from the others. Often, for example, in gifted children Diagnosed with AD (H) S and the whole machinery in the direction of therapy, learning coaching and / or drug treatment starts up. Just as for disadvantaged students, the same applies to highly gifted children: A corresponding one Funding is essential. Otherwise there is a risk of reduced performance, boredom, behavioral problems, dissatisfaction and social isolation.

What does it mean to be highly gifted??

A person is generally considered highly gifted if he is in a reliable and standardized, valid intelligence test one IQ value of over 130 reached. This applies to about two to three percent of the population. The talents are often not evenly distributed. For example, a person can have a particularly high level of talent in the area of ​​logical thinking, while other areas, such as spatial imagination or language skills, tend to be mediocre.

Especially with children leaves that The result of an intelligence test is not always clear draw on the existing talent. Because they are not yet fully developed in their cognitive development. A child may only be a good step ahead of its peers in its development, which in itself adapts itself in adolescence.

Highly gifted children often develop asynchronously. That means that the emotional, social development "lags" behind the intellectuals by miles. Therefore, highly gifted children often fall first as "troublemaker" and "class clown" on.

The diagnosis of “highly gifted” is often aggravated by the fact that, contrary to popular belief, highly gifted children do not automatically have to be good students. The opposite is often the case. The highly gifted have the greatest potential for learning success, but if this potential is not adequately awakened, a chain of underchallenge, boredom and behavioral problems can result bad grades No rarity. About 15 percent of the highly gifted have poor school performance for the reasons mentioned, are so-called "underachiever"Or" Underachiever ". Very few teachers point to the possibility of undiscovered talent if a child is unpleasantly noticed in this way. Because talented students in a regular school class rarely appear to be adapted and motivated.

First signs of giftedness in children

So how can you recognize gifted children? The following signs can indicate that you are gifted:

Cognitive development

  • Early differentiated speaking and large vocabulary, no baby speech; others are rather late language developers, but communicate in whole sentences.
  • Pronounced curiosity from a very young age. The child wants to understand in detail why things are the way they are.
  • Reduced need for sleep compared to peers;
  • Strikingly quick comprehension; this usually goes hand in hand with an extraordinarily good understanding of relationships.
  • accurate observation and perception of detail, often with a strong sense of order and sorting;
  • Early and strong personal opinions; the child has "its own head". Related critical questioning of authorities and opinions; This results in difficulties in accepting unreflected instructions;
  • Boredom with routine tasks, practicing or training; Willingness to work is often poorly trained; rather extensive discussions than settling the tasks;
  • Very high ability to concentrate on intellectual challenges;
  • Tendency to self-taught learning; Desire for independent action with as few instructions as possible; strong sense of responsibility for yourself and your surroundings;
  • Pronounced perfectionism in terms of personal accomplishments;
  • Intense expression of certain interests, sometimes insatiable in one area, which is replaced by another after some time;

Social skills

  • Great need for individuality; early autonomous and independent, resulting in poor group conformity;
  • Sensitive; Tendency to hypersensitivity;
  • Pronounced sense of justice; Commitment for outsiders, the disadvantaged or the needy;
  • Excess energy from the often very lively and lively bundles of energy often goes beyond the social framework; Disturbance behavior out of boredom;
  • Impulsiveness;
  • Diagnosis of "Zappelphilipp syndrome" or AD (H) S;
  • Psychosomatic problems or ticks;

Parents who are insecure should Help from professionals search. Because recognizing a gifted talent in children requires experience and sensitivity. Suitable IQ tests are carried out by child and adolescent psychologists, for example. Parents can also find more information and help at educational advice centers, school psychologists or the state school authority in their district town. Clarification should be sought in any case, because one undiscovered talent can for a child sustainable problems – also or especially from a social point of view – that radiate to the entire adult life. Collected information on the standardized test procedures BIVA, HAWIVA, HAWIK, AID and IDS can be found here.

School support for gifted children

Highly gifted children become appropriate promoted and supported, nothing stands in the way of their development into creative, motivated, committed and satisfied people. There are in Germany, Austria and Switzerland private schools, who specialize in teaching the highly gifted. School fees are usually payable to attend these schools. The government funding of highly gifted children in Germany varies greatly from state to state. However, there are a number of scholarship programs for which every student in Germany can apply. You can find some schools that specialize in the promotion of gifted young people here.


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Christina Cherry
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