Herpes is considered a viral infection and can take a severe course with the initial infection in children, which with Fever and Headache. The vesicles superinfect particularly in children, along with bacteria. This can affect not only the lips, but also the gums and the oral mucosa.
The herpes virus and types
The herpes virus comes in two types. The herpes simplex virus type 1 (HSV 1). This manifests itself particularly as weeping blisters in the area of the mouth, as with cold sores (herpes labialis). 95% of adults have the virus (HSV 1) in them. It practically rests after an infection has subsided and "wakes up" again in the event of a weak immune system or stress.
Herpes usually spreads in childhood. The HSV 1 is transmitted by droplet and smear infection. The initial infection can be harmless and even without symptoms, so that the infection often goes unnoticed. A serious herpes infection, however, can also take a severe course and be accompanied by fever.
Especially in children, the vesicles become superinfected with bacteria and can be seen not only on the lips, but also on the gums and in the oral mucosa. This fact can quickly lead to the so-called mouth rot in children with herpes. Children and adults suffer from the painful blisters, which can spread throughout the mouth.
Bleeding gums and difficulty swallowing can also occur. If herpes occurs in children, a doctor should be consulted directly. HSV 1 can spread to the meninges and eyes, especially in babies.
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The different areas of herpes
The herpes simplex virus type 2 is an infection that occurs in the genital area as genital herpes (genital herpes). It is mostly triggered by unprotected sex. If the mother has this herpes infection, it can she her child infect at birth.
Herpes in children or newborns can spread to such an extent that the skin, internal organs in the mouth and throat area or even the central nervous system become infected. This type 2 herpes infection can even be fatal. If the mother’s infection is known before birth, the child is usually born with a caesarean section to prevent infection.
What are cold sores??
Cold sores are caused by the herpes virus type 1. These are small cold sores filled with fluid. They can be in the mouth, chin and nose area. Shingles and chickenpox are also herpes viruses. The disease with the virus has different forms and durations.
Type 1 is transmitted through saliva contact and smear infection. Type 2 is transmitted through close mucosal contact. The majority of the population has already raised antibodies against type 1 viruses. 30% of the population already have antibodies against Type 2 formed. Cold sores can also appear on the eyes. If the herpes on the eye is not treated, there may even be corneal clouding.
Treatment by the doctor
If a genital herpes or eye herpes disorder has occurred, the doctor must treat it immediately. Spreading is prevented with the right medication. Herpes in children, even if it only occurs on the lips, should always be looked at by a specialist doctor.
Herpes often occurs in children with cold symptoms such as high fever and headache. The doctor will not only treat the herpes, but will also give advice on what to do if the herpes breaks out again.
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