Teething complaints – causes, symptoms & treatment

Teething complaints - causes, symptoms & treatment


From the age of six to nine months, a baby begins to teething when the first milk teeth come through the gums. All complaints that arise in connection with this development are called irrespective of their severity Zahnungsprobleme respectively. teething.

Table of Contents

What are teething problems in babies and toddlers?

All complaints related to tooth eruption are included in the term teething summarized and can be considered normal.

If teething does not occur in the normal time frame, beginning in the sixth to ninth months of life, the tooth eruption deviates from the usual pattern. After first breaking through the incisors, then the molars and later the canines, or if the milk dentition is not fully developed at the age of three, there is a not uncommon and at first not very worrying teething problem. One speaks of delayed or premature teething.

Breakthrough cysts over the teeth, teething ulcers and the so-called dentitio difficilis, in which the gums around the tip of the erupting tooth are inflamed and fester, are more complicated and painful.


Basically, it can be said that the cause of teething In the oral cavity you can find: teeth come out of the jaw and break through the oral mucosa, which can lead to pain and tooth-typical, mostly uncomplicated, symptoms.

Early or late teething can be attributed to hereditary causes or the length of pregnancy. Since the hard tooth substance still forms in the womb and its development takes a certain period of time, premature births often lead to late teething. Breakthrough cysts are fluid accumulations on the sac around each milk tooth, the cause of which is unknown.

Dentists suspect an allergic cause as the cause of tooth eruption. These appear after the central mandibular incisors have been broken through on the tongue and floor of the mouth of the oral mucosa.

Symptoms, complaints & sign

Teething complaints can show up as a result of changes in the behavior of the affected children as well as physical signs. Many children whose teeth shoot in are very tearful. Even if they cannot yet clearly express this verbally, they seem to have diffuse pain.

It is also not uncommon for children to point to the stomach when asked about the location of the pain. During this time, the children are often very affectionate and especially restless at night, wanting to be carried and weighed. The pain caused by teeth eruption in the jaw seems to worsen when lying down.

For some, appetite is reduced and soft food is intuitively preferred. It is striking that teething problems are often accompanied by red, hot cheeks. Some children also develop a fever while teething. However, there is no medically plausible reason for fever-related teeth.

If fever persists for a long time, is very high and occurs without a recognizable other infection, the pediatrician should always be consulted. Signs in the oral cavity itself are often reddened, soft gums in the affected areas. The flow of saliva can also be increased during teeth, which in turn attacks the skin.

diagnosis & course

There teething In children aged six to nine months who can only show their symptoms by screaming and crying, parents find it difficult to identify teething problems that require treatment.

If a child cries unusually much when teething, the parents should contact their pediatrician or a dentist. He will examine the mouth and jaw and, if necessary, take an X-ray to find out the cause of the teething problems.

Unfortunately, little can be said about the course of teething problems, as they differ from person to person. Some children have little teething problems, others suffer from severe complaints. In any case, teething problems should be over by the age of three. A first visit to the dentist is now necessary to ensure the health of the bit.


Teething complaints can occur in different degrees of severity, so that the associated complications are also very versatile. The most common teething problems are also caused by tooth decay. Caries is caused by bacteria and poor oral hygiene. In this context, severe headaches are possible, as well as severe inflammation and pus formation.

Anyone who does not undergo treatment at this point can expect a significant deterioration in their general condition. If there is an open wound in the mouth, this can also lead to considerable tooth problems. Because toothache is usually triggered by poor oral hygiene, complications associated with an open wound can also occur.

The existing wound can catch fire and swell. Bleeding gums can also be a complication that can arise. If medical and drug treatment is completely dispensed with at this point, no prompt improvement is to be expected. The individual symptoms will even worsen, making a visit to the doctor essential.

When to go to the doctor?

Teething problems are in most cases no reason to see a doctor. Although the various complaints are inconvenient to the child, they should rather be seen as a process of child development. If the child cries occasionally or tries to relieve the pain and itching by biting on hard objects, there is no need to see a doctor. The same applies to the increased salivation or increased irritability at this time.

A doctor should only be consulted if the symptoms are long and there are severe rashes, long loss of appetite or permanent pain. It is then suspected that the teething problems are not the reason, but rather that there is an infectious disease. If in doubt, this should be clarified by a doctor, since the symptoms of teething problems are similar to those of various diseases.

If symptoms such as fever or diarrhea also occur, these can usually no longer be explained by the teeth. Here, too, only a medical assessment helps, and the child’s pediatrician should be consulted.

If the pain is severe, for example due to gum infections and other irritations in the mouth, a doctor can also be consulted. For example, pain relief measures can be learned.

treatment & therapy

Parents cannot take the pain away from their child, but they can alleviate the symptoms. Herbal tinctures, especially from chamomile, relieve the pain and chilled teethers reduce the chewing pressure that builds up and alleviate some of the pain by cooling.

Breakthrough cysts generally do not require treatment, as they usually empty spontaneously and heal quickly. If persistent teething and suspected severe pain, medical advice should be sought to enable the child to receive adequate therapy.

The doctor has little influence on delayed or premature teething. If there is a danger to the child or mother in the event of a tooth eruption shortly after birth, the tooth removal must be considered and is usually without complications. If all milk teeth have not erupted in kindergarten, the dentist must use an X-ray to check whether the permanent teeth are in place and decide how to treat this problem if necessary.

Inflammation of the gums or ulcers are assessed by the dentist in their severity and treated accordingly. Surgical opening of the ulcer can be useful to allow the pus to drain, and this therapy is usually supported with antibiotics.

You can find your medication here


teething unfortunately cannot be prevented because there are currently no preventive measures. Parents can only try to intervene with soothing measures in the event of severe symptoms. It is advisable to have teething rings and camomile tinctures ready from a suitable age, so as not to be helplessly surprised by apparently sudden symptoms.


Those affected by teething problems usually have very limited options for direct follow-up care. Therefore, a doctor should be consulted as early as possible about this disease so that no further complications or complaints arise in the further course.

In many cases, the complaints themselves can be relieved relatively well with the help of medicines and homeopathic remedies. However, it is always important to take a regular intake and also the correct dosage. In the event of side effects or questions, a doctor should always be consulted first. The child’s teeth should also be checked and examined regularly so that there are no complaints later on.

When taking antibiotics, please note that they must not be taken with alcohol. Additional follow-up measures are usually no longer necessary. Teething complaints do not reduce or otherwise limit the life expectancy of those affected. There are no other complications either.

You can do that yourself

Teething problems can be alleviated by some self-help measures and effective home remedies.

Pain relieving gels or ointments from the pharmacy help with teething. In consultation with the pediatrician, naturopathic remedies can be tried. Among others, violet roots as well as chamomile and sage teas have proven their worth. If necessary, globules such as Calcium carbonicum or Chamomilla also help. The jaw and palate are cooled with a cold spoon or teether, which has been placed in the refrigerator for a few minutes. A cool washcloth or cool fruit can also be used to relieve the pain. In addition, the tops of the baby’s toes can be massaged, because there are nerves that are directly connected to the teeth.

The offspring should be carefully observed so that they do not choke on the bite toys. Some babies experience abdominal pain or diarrhea during teething. These complaints can be alleviated by known home remedies such as rusks or by soothing teas. A gentle abdominal massage relieves stomach pain and improves well-being. Sore spots around the mouth are treated with an analgesic cream.

In the event of persistent symptoms, a consultation with the pediatrician is recommended. The parents should allow themselves enough rest periods, since the teething problems of the child can be associated with a lot of stress.

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