Bleeding in children – Causes and relief of bleeding
- Bleeding in the head are initially not visible from the outside. On Fall, accident or a head injury can trigger the bleeding.
- Already at newborn it can become one bloody chair come. The causes can be harmless (blood collection at birth), but also dangerous (intestinal infections). In case of uncertainties, a doctor should always be consulted.
- If a child has cut or bleed in any other way, it should be stopped quickly, there is a risk of shock if persistent, heavy bleeding occurs.
If there is a bleeding in children, whether in the eye, under the skin or in the stool, this quickly causes insecurity among the parents. In our guide, we have summarized what parents can and should pay attention to in these cases.
1. Quickly respond to bleeding in the brain
Bleeding in the brain must be detected in time.
If a child bumps their head or crashes while playing, injuries are not always immediately recognizable. Bleeding in the head is not visible from the outside. They can be caused by a fall, accident or a head injury. If a blood vessel breaks in the brain or if a harmful pressure develops, it can lead to a brain hemorrhage. Parents should look after their children after a fall or a blow to the head 48 hours watch well. If it shows abnormalities such as altered consciousness, vomiting, prolonged weeping, dizziness or apathy parents should go to hospital immediately.
2. Bleeding in the gut: These may be the causes
Bleeding in the intestines should be clarified by a doctor.
What cause Bleeding in the intestine in children, a doctor should diagnose. In many cases babies and toddlers are affected by an anal fissure. This is expressed by the bright red blood that is deposited on the stool.
If the blood is darker, it is more likely from the colon. One cause of this type of bleeding can be intestinal polyps (usually benign excrescences of the intestinal mucosa). As a rule, they are harmless and the child shows no further complaints. But intestinal bleeding can also have other causes, such as intestinal infections, who express themselves in a bloody diarrhea. There are also symptoms such as fever and abdominal cramps.
Bloody stools are not uncommon in newborns either. Even though blood in the stool can scare the parents off, there is often a simple explanation. During childbirth, a baby may swallow maternal blood, leading to a bloody stool. In case of uncertainties, a doctor should always be consulted.
Caution: Occasionally it comes with intestinal bleeding and confusion with hyperthyroidism. Foods such as beetroot or food coloring can also stain the chair red. Black stools can also be caused by foods such as liquorice, iron and coal tablets.
3. Bleeding under the skin and in the eye
|Bleeding under the skin||description|
|Coagulopathy||Toddlers like to be active and romp a lot. It can happen that they get bruised. Often these hematomas are harmless. Nevertheless, parents should watch this and possibly from a doctor whether it is normal hematoma or a suggestive coagulation disorder.|
|petechiae||Show up under the skin pinhead bleeding, one speaks of Petechien. These are bleeding from the finest blood vessels in the skin. First, there are small bloody spots on the ankles and lower legs. Later, they can also show their full body. These bleeding hang with one disturbed haemostasis together, often caused by limited platelet function. Petechiae is not a disease of its own, but bleeding under the skin can be the cause and a symptom of other diseases. If parents see these skin bleedings in their children, you should consult a doctor and have the child examined.|
|Bleeding in the eye||Playing children with sharp objects or corrosive substances can cause bleeding in the eye and serious injuries. Already a foreign body in the eye of the child leads to Irritations and redness in the eye. Carefully remove it from the eye with a clean cloth. This works best by wiping with the cloth towards the inner corner of the eye. Does not allow the foreign body in this way remove from the eye of the child or is it even to Glass or metal splinters, it is essential to consult a doctor. The child should be prevented from rubbing his eye. For this one can cover the affected eye with a sterile dressing.|
4. Stop bleeding: How to apply the pressure bandage
Apply pressure bandage on children.
If a child has cut or bleed in any other way, you should stop it immediately because of the risk of shock from persistent, heavy bleeding.
To stop the bleeding, first lay the child down. Is the Bleeding on the arm or leg, you should store the affected body area elevated to the Interrupt blood supply. Sterile compresses must be used for the compression bandage. The best way to work in pairs: While one stops the blood supply, the other can create a pressure bandage.
Does not stop a wound from bleeding despite the pressure bandage, apply a second, firmer pressure bandage over the first one.
Once the bleeding is breastfed and the child is under pressure, an ambulance can be called. The child should still be supervised by an adult to remain conscious.
Tip: If a finger or other part of the body has been severed, it should be packed in a fresh plastic bag and refrigerated in a second plastic bag with ice cubes.
Instructions for stopping bleeding:
- Take a bandage package to hand. Apply the wound dressing to the wound without first touching it. If you do not have a bandage or compress at hand, you can also use a clean tissue or a freshly washed tea towel as a wound dressing.
- To strengthen the wound dressing, wrap the bandage around the affected area two to three times.
- Then wrap a second bandage or a gauze bandage exactly over the wound and wrap the body part with an increased amount of tension. Finally, attach the bandage with a bandage or bandage clip.
- Even if you put on the pressure bandage, you should put your arm or leg up.
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