Kinderweltreise – greece – history & politics

Kinderweltreise - greece - history & politics


Early in Greece

Minoan culture emerged on the island of Crete, the first culture to influence Greece. [© Kwbolte / CC BY-SA 3.0]

People have lived on today’s territory of Greece for many centuries. Already in the Neolithic Age there were farmers here who raised cattle and grew grain. Ancient Greece is also known as the cradle of Europe because a lot was done here early on by philosophers, scientists and poets.

The Minoans lived around 2500 BC BC on the Greek island Crete. With them, one of the first advanced cultures in the world was created. The Minoans are not the direct ancestors of the Greeks, but the earliest Greek culture of the Mycenaeans learned a lot from the Minoans. You can learn a lot more about it on the children’s time machine.

This is the Mycenaean Lion Gate. [© FJK71 / CC BY-SA 3.0]

Mycenae and the Dorians

The first important culture on mainland Europe was the Mycenaean culture. It was created around 1600 BC. The city of Mycenae was its center. Around 1200 BC BC Mycenaean culture was destroyed. We don’t know why this culture went under.

It followed Dorer, from that time immigrated to Greece and spread to the islands of the Aegean and also on the coasts of Asia Minor. It is believed that the Trojan War also took place at this time, about which a poet called Homer reported. You can find out more about this poet and the Trojan War on the children’s time machine.

Incidentally, the Dorians are considered the ancestors of the Spartans. Around 900 BC Chr Sparta founded by the Dorians.

The Greeks and the Phoenicians founded colonies all over the Mediterranean. [© Gepgepgep / CC BY-SA 3.0]

The archaic period

A time followed, also known as the Archaic Age. This lasted from about 800 to 500 BC. During this time, the population in Greece grew and the Greeks founded many colonies in the Mediterranean. The first too city ​​states arose.

The Greeks adopted the alphabet from the Phoenicians, creating the forerunner for all other Europeans alphabets.

These actors reenact the battle of marathon. They are dressed like the fighters back then. [© Phokion / CC BY-SA 3.0]

The Greek classic

During the 5th century BC BC art and architecture flourished in Greece. The city-states of Athens and Sparta were particularly important. The Greeks successfully resisted the Persians in the Persian Wars. The battle of Marathon, in which the Greeks defeated the Persians, became famous. Incidentally, this is derived from marathon from.

The mosaic shows Alexander the Great. [© Berthold Werner / CC BY-SA 3.0]
Alexander the Great conquered a huge empire. You can see how far this went on the map. [© Ras67 / CC BY-SA 3.0]

Alexander the Great

An important person in Greek history was Alexander the Great (from 336 BC to 323 BC), which actually comes from Macedonia. Alexander defeated the Greeks and then conquered the vast Persian empire. He initially defeated the Persians in Asia Minor and then moved on with his army.

So he came to Egypt to found a city there, after him Alexandria is called. He moved ever further east to conquer other countries there. So Alexander finally penetrated India before, the Persian Empire ended there. The Indians were also defeated by Alexander.

However, his soldiers were no longer interested in the arduous paths. They resisted and in the end Alexander had to turn around. If you want to learn more about Alexander and his campaign, you can read about it on the children’s time machine.

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Christina Cherry
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