Pressure marks caused by dental prostheses – treatment tips and prevention

Pressure marks caused by dentures

The body changes with increasing age. Our teeth are also affected by this change. By tooth loss are many people in old age on one dentures, colloquially known as "the third party".

The new teeth become daily companions and replace the function of the natural teeth when chewing and speaking. In addition to its useful properties, wearing a denture can also disadvantages bring. A bad or loose-fitting prosthesis can too health complaints to lead. In particular pressure points or Inflammation in the mouth cause pain and make it difficult to speak and eat. But also the Development of bad breath, for example by a poor cleaning of the prosthesis, can be very uncomfortable in everyday life.

What is a denture?

A dentures is a artificial replica one tooth or several teeth and is therefore one of the Dentures opportunities. It consists of plastic, metal or ceramic and replaces the function of the lost teeth. In contrast to one implanted dentures a prosthesis can be removed. There are different types of dentures. Above all, between partial dentures and full dentures distinguished. The dentist decides whether a partial or a full denture is used, depending on whether and how many of the patient’s own teeth are left.

A partial denture is suitable for filling larger gaps in the dentition with artificial teeth. So that they can chew and speak doesn’t fall out, the partial denture is usually fitted with a holder, for example with Hook or clip systems, anchored to still healthy teeth.

In contrast to one dental bridge, the at individual tooth gaps Can be used with a Partial denture with several missing teeth to be replaced in the dentition.

A full denture is used when no natural teeth there are more in the bit. she lies immediately on the jaw on and is through Suction grip on the mucous membrane and with adhesive creams attached. The full denture must therefore be made to fit the jaw and oral mucosa.

Problems can arise with both types of prosthesis, especially if they badly adjusted are or your stop, for example when talking or chewing, is deficient. A loose-fitting denture can cause minor injuries due to friction on the oral mucosa, too tight a prosthesis sores of the gums. to Pain relief can the inflamed areas with InfectoGingi mouth gel be treated. The special one 3-fold combination from sage, chamomile and lidocaine works in InfectoGingi at the same time against pathogens, supports the wound healing and relieves quickly the Pain. InfectoGingi can be applied to the affected areas 3-4 times a day.

"Where does the shoe press?" – How pressure points are created by dentures

Pressure marks in the mouth occur above all at the beginning after this first insertion of the new denture on. The denture is a foreign body to which the oral mucosa has to get used to. This can vary depending on the patient a few days or weeks take. The Creation of pressure points at the Kiefer mucosa is comparable to that Blistering of the feet through new shoes: through friction or one too tight fit the gums become irritated and it can become too painful redness, swelling, or abrasions come in the affected areas. Also the jawbone is unusual due to the weight of the prosthesis loaded, whereby Pain can arise.

A lack of oral hygiene or Cleaning the denture can also lead to sore gums. If, for example, not all of the food residues are removed from under the prosthesis, the pressure created when chewing can no longer be distributed evenly over the jaw. This in turn leads to selective overloading of the mucous membrane. You can also bacteria poor cleaning of the denture and oral cavity multiply and inflammation or unpleasant bad breath cause.

A bruise can also only appear a few years after the first insertion of the denture into the mouth. This depends on the slow but steady Changes in the jawbone and oral mucosa especially with increasing age. Also changes the Cheek and lip muscles have an impact on the fit of the prosthesis. For full dentures in particular, it is important for a good hold that the edges of the denture are flush with the jaw mucosa in order to ensure suction grip. Is this through Deformation of the mucous membrane or the jaw no longer exist Air or food particles get under the denture and the Creation of pressure points favor. Add to that the wear according to the prosthesis perennial use. Therefore it is very important that Check dentures regularly at the dentist and have it adjusted if necessary.

Next painful pressure marks other dentures can health problems in the mouth cause. This includes, for example Infection with a yeast of the Candida species. In the warm, humid climate under the prosthesis, the yeast can reproduce particularly well and the so-called Oral thrush, thus trigger a fungal infection of the oral mucosa. You can recognize a thrush mainly by one yellow-whitish, patch-like coating of the mouth and Redness of the mucous membrane. The oral mucosa, which is pre-stressed by the fungus, is more susceptible to sores or inflammation. For this reason Oral thrush promptly treated by a doctor to prevent further spreading or damage to the oral mucosa.

Prevention tips

Painful pressure points and Inflammation from a denture can get through often Avoid simple measures. This includes one daily and especially thorough cleaning of the removable dentures. One is best suited for this hard toothbrush as well as a Interdental brush or dental floss, to remove food particles from the prosthesis. In addition, a cleaning solution be used. Toothpaste is unsuitable for cleaning, as the ingredients can attack and damage the prosthesis material, which is softer than natural tooth enamel.
Pressure points arise in the first days after the first insertion of the denture. During this time it should be on spicy or acidic foods and beverages are avoided, since this too Irritation of the oral mucosa can lead and thereby intensify the pain at pressure points.

In addition, the denture should be checked at regular intervals and in the event of complaints acutely on their fit be checked.

The dentist has the option, to grind off interfering denture material or the Reline denture, to the To prevent pressure points from forming. Especially at Problems during getting used to to the new prosthesis and with severe pain one is recommended Lining with soft material. However, since this cannot be cleaned so thoroughly, you should switch to a harder lining in the long term.

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Christina Cherry
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