Children’s rights: minimum standards for the well-being of children
- The children’s rights result mainly from the Convention on the Rights of the Child.
- These are meant for all children adequate living conditions assure.
- Children’s rights are not in national laws anchored, it is not possible this sue.
What are children’s rights? The following guide provides a definition and important information.
Every child has rights. Among other things, you have a legal right to education, adequate living conditions and the Protection against violence, ill-treatment and neglect. The special ones find themselves in the stress of everyday life Needs of children and adolescents often in oblivion. The children’s rights state that this In principle, the best interests of the child Has.
What rights do children have?
Children’s rights: In primary school, most children learn what rights they have.
The Laws in Germany apply in principle to all citizens – i.e. both children and adults – and must be followed accordingly. Despite this Equality before the law however, children need one special protection.
For example, children are related to that Care of adults dependent and them in terms of physical strength such as intellectual maturity inferior. Because of these differences, children’s rights should strengthen the concerns of all those who do not yet eighteen years old to have.
What children’s rights are there worldwide?
As the most important Rules for international children’s rights the Convention on the Rights of the Child of the United Nations (UN) applies – also as the Convention on the Rights of the Child known. The agreement came into effect on September 02, 1990 in force and is operated by 196 states accepted. The United States is currently the only country that has not acceded to the convention.
How many children’s rights are there? The UN Convention on the Rights of the Child defines 41 rights.
The UN Convention on the Rights of the Child comprises a total 54 items. From these result 41 individual rights for children.
The remaining 13 items also define which ones activities the states have to take to implement the individual rights.
Central principle that is the agreement Right to equal treatment. According to the definition, all children’s rights are applicable to all children and adolescents. Factors such as gender, religion, Race, political opinion or Origin of parents don’t matter.
In addition, the UN children’s rights according to the United Nations Children’s Fund (UNICEF) systematically into the following three legal areas split:
- Survival and development rights
- Protection rights
- Participation rights
Survival and development rights
Some articles on children’s rights should do that to survive and the complete development of children and adolescents. It is not uncommon for this to be the case essential basic needs, like adequate food, clean drinking water and one health care (Art. 24).
Children’s rights include clean drinking water.
Children’s rights guarantee all children and adolescents the right to a name and one nationality to. In addition, there is for every child Right to know his parents and to be looked after by them (Art. 7).
There is also a convention with the member states Entitlement to a public document – So a corresponding document – which one Identity information of every child (Art. 8). This is particularly important because, according to UNICEF, worldwide around 230 million Children under five live which ones not registered anywhere are. Officially, these girls and boys don’t even exist.
According to an estimate by UNESCO 130 million children not going to school. This number shows the meaning of the right to education. Children’s rights should therefore ensure good school education. Thereby the Basic education in particular free of charge be (Art. 28).
For the welfare Basic care alone is not enough for children. Among other things, children’s rights see one special protection in front. This includes, for example, the Protection from all forms of violence. This means both acts of violence or ill-treatment by one’s own parents and by all other people (Art. 19).
Children’s rights should also be one Protection against sexual abuse ensure (Art. 34). However, it is estimated that every year more than 220 million children Become a victim of sexual violence.
The right to a non-violent upbringing prescribes children’s rights.
The UN Convention on the Rights of the Child also encompasses issues that our understanding of law often does not understand. This includes the Death penalty for children (Art. 37). In a few countries – such as Iran – this takes place application.
Another aspect of protecting children relates to Wars and armed conflicts. The member states of the UN Convention on the Rights of the Child commit themselves to take all necessary measures to: Protect children in war zones and supply. In addition, it is prohibited to use children for active participation in armed conflict zoom pull.
Last but not least, protecting children’s rights also addresses child labor. This is how governments should prevent children from doing jobs that are too dangerous are or yourself negative for health can impact. In addition, a possible professional activity may not include school education or others Hinder children’s rights (Art. 32).
The participation rights should active participation in everyday life guarantee and secure among other things the free expression and formation. Children’s rights give girls and boys a voice that Take adults seriously must (Art. 12).
UN children’s rights want to give children access to the media.
Children also have the right to choose what they want think and believe want. So they are allowed to Choose religion freely. Parents are allowed one supporting role are also obliged to take the decision of their offspring respect (Art. 14).
The rights of children should also Informational self-determination be ensured. Therefore, the Convention addresses the Access to information and the Promotion of mass media, like radio, television, newspapers or the Internet. However, the government and parents must also ensure that children do not get information that is useful to them harmful influence have (Art. 17).
Last but not least, the convention sees that too Right to free time in front. This should give children the opportunity to play and to themselves recover. They are also free to choose from a variety cultural and artistic activities participate (Art. 31).
What kind of children’s rights are there in Germany??
What rights do children have in Germany?
By signing the Convention on the Rights of the Child these children’s rights also apply in Germany. explicit German children’s rights do not exist. However, play different laws and regulations play an important role in children’s everyday life.
For example, in the Basic Law (GG) Statements about children. So it says in Art. 6 GG:
The Civil Code (BGB) also defines regulations for the interacting with children, such as nonviolent upbringing. The BGB was adapted for children‘s rights in 2000, so that it has been in Section 1631 (2) BGB is called:
The underage citizens can in Germany, however not just claims put. Because apply Children’s rights and obligations. The latter includes the compulsory school attendance.
Violation of children’s rights: what options exist?
Children’s rights are generally not enforceable.
Are those defined in the UN Convention on the Rights of the Child? Children’s laws not complied with, children and teenagers can join different contacts turn.
This is primarily about confidants from the personal environment. For example, it can be your own parents, teachers, clergymen or even doctors.
In the event of a violation of children’s rights, this can also happen youth Welfare Office a point of contact where the children too without their parents’ knowledge can audition. For the political issues of children and adolescents also sits down Children’s commission of the German Bundestag on.
Can the points of contact mentioned above no help is the last one Petition committee of the state parliament of the respective federal state for Children’s rights violations responsible.
4 thoughts on “Children’s Rights: Minimum Standards for the Child’s Welfare”
Well, unfortunately, it does not explain exactly what the right ones are, which ones there are etc.
Yes, something too imprecise. Would know more. My granddaughter has many restrictions at home, she will soon be 14 years old and the mother rummages through her nursery every day while at school. She often complains to me about her suffering, I am her grandfather.
What can you do if the youth welfare office and the court violate Article 14 if the child does not want to be with others? Why is a child forced to spend time with a parent?.
In my opinion, the child’s rights are handled too loosely by the state,
If the children have parents or a parent who turns out to be a nomadic tenant and thereby loses his rented apartment, this is not to be regretted.
The children are the sufferers here and are to be regretted.
Due to the anti-social behavior of their parents, they are forced and forced to:
repeated changes of school (certainly not pleasant)
to lack the old circle of friends and to find a new one.
Damage to your next life cannot be ruled out.
For the benefit of the children, our state // law is required to take much harder measures in such cases.
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