Teeth and puberty

teenager & Teeth – not always a good alliance!

The parents are embarrassing, the school is annoying, long existing family rules are broken – is that the case, has the many parents feared puberty, the transition of the child into adulthood, begun! But not only the family suffers from the hormonal mood swings of the adolescent, often the teeth are exposed to increased stress in this phase of life.

The teeth of adolescents in puberty are sensitive, since the maturation of the enamel takes place only after the eruption of the permanent teeth and the hard tooth substance reaches its full resistance after several years. In addition, close the teeth in adolescence, which brings an increased caries risk with it. Especially in this time, the influence of the parents is dwindling and the temptations of fast food, smoking and alcohol are increasing. The first cigarette or first intoxication is perceived as the ‘first adult act’. For the oral health that is less beautiful. Because smoking not only produces cancer and causes heart attacks, stroke and severe lung disease, but also harms the mouth in many ways. "Smokers are exposed to the increased risk of periodontal disease, inflammation of the periodontium, to fall ill", knows Prof. dr. Dietmar Oesterreich from the proDente initiative. The more smoked, the greater the risk of tooth loss. In addition, smokers are more likely to develop caries and oral cancer. Even after smoking a cigarette, enormous amounts of carcinogenic substances are found in the saliva. "These substances can cause the formation of precursors of oral cancer", so Prof. dr. Austria. The risk of smokers developing oral cancer is five times that of non-smokers. Those who additionally drink alcohol regularly increase the risk 13 times. Parents should educate their children before the onset of puberty about the harmful effects of smoking. Children who refuse to smoke before puberty are better protected from temptation.

Alcopops, Coke and Co.

Too much acid damages the teeth! Adolescents often resort to acidic drinks during puberty, such as alcopops, soft drinks, mixed beer drinks, fruit-based mineral waters, as well as lemonade and cola. The teenagers now decide for themselves what they want to eat and drink. The frequent consumption of acidic drinks, however, favors serious damage to the hard tooth substance. First, the enamel is affected, then the dentin. It is therefore advisable to consume acidic drinks only sparingly and not in small portions throughout the day to eat. In addition, regular and careful care of the teeth is necessary to prevent damage. It should be noted that the teeth should not be cleaned directly after consuming acidic foods or drinks. It is worth to wait at least half an hour. Acids from food and drinks dissolve the enamel. The body is able to remineralize these demineralized areas in sufficient time. Thus, the softened enamel can regenerate again.

Tongue or lip piercings find many teenagers "cool". Not infrequently they can sting the jewelry secretly. The indignation of the parents is then all the greater. Not unfair, as studies by US dentists show: permanent piercings damage teeth, nerve tracts and the oral cavity. It plays a role at which point the piercing is located. A piercing in the tongue can lead to irreparable cracks in the enamel. A lower lip piercing may cause the gums and underlying bone on the lower anterior teeth to fall. The damage often occurs after just a few months. Therefore: Who wants to keep his teeth for a while, should keep the fingers of piercings in the mouth.

In puberty, there may be a hormone surplus, which can cause gingivitis, the so-called hormonal gingivitis. If the gum inflammation is not stopped in the initial stage, it can spread to the jaw bone over the long term and gradually lead to its degradation. Then the gingivitis becomes a periodontitis. "Thorough dental care is the best prevention, so brushing twice daily and cleaning the interdental spaces with dental floss", recommends Prof. dr. Austria.
In addition, for complaints and abnormalities such. Bleeding a dentist to be consulted. In the dental practice, the hard and soft pads are removed as part of a professional tooth cleaning and given important information for optimal oral hygiene. After this treatment, the inflammation usually clears after a few weeks with good care.

text & Source: Initiative proDente e. V.

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Christina Cherry
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