Tooth discoloration – Your teeth are whiter again
White teeth make for a nice smile and a very same personality. However, the modern lifestyle with frequent consumption of tea, coffee or nicotine may over the years lead to tooth discoloration. Then sufferers have the opportunity to have them removed either by themselves or professionally at the dentist.
When is a tooth discoloration mentioned?
Basically, any change in natural and individual tooth color is called tooth staining. This natural tooth color is formed in the area of the tooth crown, where the outer hard protective layer of the teeth is also referred to as tooth enamel. This is covered by a thin coating, the so-called pellicle, and surrounds the dentin. And this is basically responsible for the color of a tooth.
The enamel itself is usually colorless, but still has a great influence on the dental optics. Because the underlying dentin is a bit darker. Thus, the thinner the layer of the dentin, the more teeth appear more yellowish.
What effect do discolored teeth have??
Basically, it should be noted that discolored teeth usually pose no health problem. Because white teeth simply shape the aesthetic appearance of a person. Therefore, clearly visible discoloration can not only have a cosmetic, but above all a psychological component.
Anyone who dares to speak with little or no smile or articulate well because of his yellowish-looking teeth sooner or later is impaired in his social behavior.
How the dentist can help with tooth staining
If you go with a tooth stain the way to the dentist, this will first make a simple examination of the teeth. As a result, he must clarify whether there is an internal or external discoloration. The latter can also be clarified in a conversation, with certain behaviors such as the excessive consumption of tea or coffee, the intake of certain drugs or what dental hygiene is made, clarified.
To determine the reason for an internal tooth discoloration, the complete dentition must be examined very carefully and thoroughly. It can also be clarified whether the teeth may be affected by tooth decay or are already dead. Eventually, an X-ray examination will be carried out in order to obtain as accurate a diagnosis as possible and to coordinate the further course of action. It should be remembered that an internal tooth discoloration may not be reversible.
If the milk teeth are affected by this phenomenon in children, it automatically disappears with the natural tooth change.
Two measures to remove the internal tooth discoloration
Basically, a dental procedure is necessary when it comes to removing the tooth discoloration. One option is to cover with veneers, also called veneers.
Discolored teeth can of course also be lightened with the help of bleaching agents. To lighten the teeth, the tooth is drilled to transport the bleach to the correct locations in the tooth.
Remove tooth staining yourself – it’s that easy
Basically, a slight discoloration on the teeth can also be removed. There are appropriate bleaching agents to buy in the drugstore or pharmacy. To achieve the maximum effect, the teeth should be thoroughly cleaned in advance, which actually does a professional tooth cleaning at the dentist.
Then, for example, the bleaching agent is applied in a splint on the upper or lower jaw and left there for a certain time. The result is quite impressive, even if a repeated treatment is usually necessary. In the end, but a bright white sympathetic smile is guaranteed.
The causes of discolored teeth are versatile
If there is talk of a discoloration of the teeth, a distinction must be made in the first place between an internal and an external cause. An external, ie extrinsic, discoloration often results from different deposits on the surface of the teeth. Because not only the thin film, which basically and always covers the teeth, can lead to the fact that dyes are stored from the outside into the tooth. Also plaque or tartar have the same effect.
It may also be that coloring substances penetrate from the outside directly into the surface of the enamel and store along small cracks in the enamel deeper below the tooth surface. Common causes include tobacco or excessive consumption of coffee, tea and red wine. Certain very acidic fruits and juices as well as some spices can cause external discolouration on the teeth. Also, certain mouthwashes that are used in daily oral hygiene and contain ingredients such as chlorhexidine or stannous fluoride, may be responsible for this visual impairment.
If there is an internal tooth discoloration, the cause in the enamel or dentin is to be sought. It can already develop in children in the course of tooth development, so either individual genetic factors or even different influences that were decisive before or immediately after birth, can be mentioned as the cause. Tooth discolorations can also be triggered by a modified tooth structure, as well as by a malformation of the enamel as a result of a disturbed melting.
Also stored substances, such as by a dye surplus or due to a certain drug intake, can be the trigger for an internal tooth discoloration. Certain antibiotics have the reputation of being responsible for discolored teeth. A tetracycline treatment during the first few years of life of a child can also lead to gray or yellow teeth in the deciduous dentition. Although the mother has taken this therapy during the last three months of pregnancy, this can lead to the development of yellowish or gray baby teeth.
Hereditary disease as a cause of discolored teeth
Rarely, but can also be a specific disease called Congenital erythropoietic porphyria be responsible for internal tooth discoloration. The point is that there is an increased storage of a certain dye in teeth and bones. The consequence is then reddish brown discolored teeth.
If there is a rhesus intolerance between mother and baby, it can lead to a blue-green tooth discoloration in the offspring. Because the maternal antibodies destroy the red blood cells in the bloodstream of the child, thus creating certain dyes, such as the Billrubin, which intervenes in the sequence, inter alia, in the dentin of the child. Tooth discolorations with this cause are formed over time by a further very natural tooth enamel formation back again.
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