Tartar – development, prevention & distance
He sits stubbornly on the teeth, neither rinsing nor intensive brushing teeth help: tartar. In order to counteract diseases of the teeth and the periodontium, a timely removal from the dentist is necessary. Find out how the annoying dental plaque arises and how best to remove it.
What is tartar??
Tartar, also known as concrement, consists primarily of:
- Hydroxylapatite, apatite
- Proteins, carbohydrates
- Minerals like brushite, whitlockite
- tissue residue
Deposits of this type are particularly common in the anterior incisors in the lower jaw and the outer sides of the upper molars in the upper jaw, because escaping at these sites particularly much saliva. The leaking fluid has important protective and digestive functions – but in combination with a lack of oral hygiene leads to illnesses.
Cause: How does the plaque develop??
The reason for the formation is the inorganic composition of the saliva. These inorganic substances particularly like to accumulate in the plaque, ie in the soft deposits on the teeth. It comes to a chemical reaction and the deposits harden: It forms tight tartar.
Each oral cavity contains a large number of germs that belong to the natural and healthy oral flora. Regular and proper brushing removes food leftovers and prevents too many germs from infiltrating, which then use the food components for your metabolism. Lack of oral hygiene, closely and strongly nested standing teeth thus promote the formation of the coating. Falsely using flossing also leads to faster formation of plaque and solid plaque – especially in the lower jaw incisor area. Studies showed an initial attachment of bacteria on the teeth already within 4 hours.
Tartar develops in four phases:
- Some mucilages produce a thin layer over the natural tooth enamel just four hours after brushing, but it does not contain any bacteria.
- Food remains are the basis for the multiplication of caries pathogens in the oral cavity. These bacteria wet the thin saliva layer.
- Over time, plaque develops on the teeth.
- If the plaque is not removed, it can mineralize over 8-10 days: tartar is the result.
Excursus: What is the purpose of the fluid in our mouth??
The inorganic secretion of our body serves the natural regeneration of the enamel. Acidic foods such as citrus regularly etch the enamel. The inorganic liquid contains substances that can regenerate these micro-defects in the enamel. The body tries to prevent diseases such as tooth decay. If adequate oral hygiene is avoided, the risk of caries and solid dental plaque increases.
Treatment: The removal of the calculus at the dentist
This requires the use of special equipment such as curettes or ultrasound-assisted instruments. Curettes are applied by the dentist by hand, while ultrasound is applied by machine. The ultrasound acts via high-frequency waves and heat generation. The resulting vibrations cause the solid pads to flake off the teeth. The tip of the ultrasound is rounded.
Why is it important to remove the tartar??
Tartar is the basis for gingivitis, such as periodontal disease. Forms solid plaque in the visible tooth area is spoken by supragingival tartar. Below the cervix and thus covered by the gums, tartar can also form. This is then called a calculus or subgingival tartar.
Tartar is a cause of periodontitis, an inflammation of the gums. Bacteria attach themselves to plaque very easily and stubbornly. This is followed by infections of the surrounding tissue and the entire oral cavity. Regular professional teeth cleaning and regular oral hygiene are the most effective measures for the prevention of periodontal disease.
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