Ceramic implants – the metal-free implant solution
Do you need a dental implant and you do not want or can not access Titan? Maybe you are allergic or do you find it unpleasant to have metal in your mouth? There are several reasons for choosing ceramic implants. But can you keep up with the proven titanium implants? And why are they so much more expensive? Read all about the metal-free implant alternative here.
Why ceramic implants are a good alternative
Titanium has been used successfully by dentists for dental implants for many years. It is proven, has high stability and is well tolerated by most patients. For patients with allergic reactions or intolerances who are worried about exposure to metals in their body, a pure titanium implant is out of the question.
Ceramic implants are then a good alternative to replace missing teeth. But there are some peculiarities that you should keep in mind. To avoid the risk of a treatment error.
What properties does the ceramic implant have??
The metal-free alternative is basically a very ordinary implant screw, only they consist of a special and high-strength ceramic, the zirconia. Zirconia is a very stable and shatterproof material, which is particularly suitable for use in medicine and dentistry. Very often these are used in contrast to titanium implants as a one-piece system, thereby the application of the actual dentures is more difficult. Meanwhile, there are also two-piece systems that can be glued together. Some teeth are only suitable for a one-piece implant. In this case, but this tells you your dental practice. A fixed denture should be your highest priority.
The metal-free implant can be used in many cases, for example to replace single teeth, for bridges and also for anchoring removable dentures. Especially in the anterior region, it is used because it is less visible.
If titanium is not the material for you, then ceramics offers you some advantages.
The advantages of ceramic implants at a glance:
Ceramics will not release particles into your tissues and will not be dissolved by your saliva, which could release substances.
Unlike metals, you can not develop allergies and intolerances. Extensive studies have shown that ceramics are very well tolerated by tissue. Subliminal inflammation and a toxic effect of your implant are excluded.
Anyone who has esthetically high demands should use ceramic implants. They are white and therefore unlike the dark titanium do not shimmer through your gums. Even if your gums should go back a little, it is much less noticeable.
Ceramic is not only well-tolerated for your tissue, your gum even likes to attach to the ceramic implant. Studies have shown that gums grow better on ceramics than the natural tooth. You can thus prevent gum recession, which is more common in titanium implants.
Ceramics are a material that bacteria do not like. As a result, you can also prevent peri-implantitis, an inflammation around the implant.
You can not completely prevent a possible inflammation by the choice of material, but since hardly accumulate bacteria on the surface of ceramic implants, the risk is low.
The disadvantages at a glance:
But there are also some downsides that you should know and consider. Above all, the lack of long-term experience, the elaborate treatment at the dentist and the high costs make some patients shy away.
Unlike titanium implants, there are no decades of experience and studies. This does not mean that you can not trust the ceramic implants. Ongoing studies indicate a good longevity. You should only be aware in advance that a long shelf life has not been proven yet.
When making your decision, you should definitely consider the high price.
The material zirconium oxide is more expensive than titanium and also the production of the implant is more complicated for the dentist: they can not be used as immediate implants directly after the extraction and the insertion of the denture on the implant is more expensive.
tip: When comparing the prices for dentures, but you can save something.
The biggest shortcoming, compared to titanium, is the slower healing. Bone cells grow better on titanium than on ceramics. Therefore, the healing time for the ceramic implants takes longer.
Ceramic implants not only heal slower, they are even at the beginning still not loadable. Where on titanium implants dentures can sometimes even be screwed directly after implantation, you must even protect the ceramic implants with a splint after insertion.
Due to the structure and material, ceramic implants are less flexible to use. On a conventional titanium implant, an abutment is screwed onto which in turn your dentures are screwed. This abutment can have different angles and thus affect the tooth position of your denture. Since it is not suitable for screwing on an abutment, one-piece ceramic implants are often used.
Therefore, after inserting no correction of the angle is possible in which your dentures will stand. The implantologist must therefore plan the position of your implant very carefully and should have experience with ceramic implants.
Meanwhile, there are also two-piece ceramic implants. Here, the abutment is not screwed to the implant, but glued. You can not have your abutment replaced, as is possible with screw-on titanium implants.
The pros and cons at a glance
- Very well tolerated by the organism: no danger of allergy or intolerance
- Optimal for thin gums: does not shimmer through
- Good for the gums: better grows on the implant
- Barely deposit of bacteria: reduced risk of inflammation
- Can not be charged immediately
- Significantly higher costs
- Must be initially protected with rails from strain
- Healing and bone integration take longer than with titanium
- Still no years of experience
- Due to the structure less flexibility
Ceramic implants – the cost
The high costs have several reasons:
- higher material costs for the zinc dioxide ceramic
- expensive production, because of more complex manufacturing process
- higher costs for the dentist, higher treatment costs for you
Dentist costs vary depending on where the ceramic implant is to be used.
For a single tooth implant in the Anterior teeth pay about 2,600 – 3,600 €, while it in the posterior region with 2.200-3.500 € a little less.
Ceramic implants: Pay the health insurance?
Conclusion: ceramic implants are the right choice for you?
In terms of compatibility and aesthetics, the ceramic implants are unbeatable. Many experts are convinced that ceramics are the material of the future and will completely displace titanium. At the moment, however, you still have to accept a few limitations, such as significantly higher implant costs and a more complex treatment. Weigh out which care is right for you.
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